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North Carolina County Core Collection

Filing title: 
North Carolina County Core Collection

Guide to the North Carolina County Core collection
MS0026

Summary Information

Repository
J. Murrey Atkins Library Special Collections, UNC Charlotte
Creator
North Carolina. Office of Archives and History.
Title
North Carolina county core collection
ID
MS0026
Date [inclusive]
1681-1915
Extent
208.0 Microfilm reels
General Physical Description note
208 microfilm reels.
Language
English
Abstract
Microfilm copies of county records preserved in the North Carolina State Archives. Includes court, estate, land, and tax records from Alamance, Beaufort, Bertie, Brunswick, Chowan, Craven, Currituck, New Hanover, Orange, Pasquotank,Perquimans, Rowan, and Wake counties, dating primarily from the 18th and 19th centuries. The records are divided into four categories: Court Records; Estates Record; Land Records; and Tax Records. The records are organized alphabetically by county, and within each county, alphabetically by record type. Microfilm reels are filed numerically according to the series number noted after each record type.

Preferred Citation note

North Carolina County Core Collection. J. Murrey Atkins Library Special Collections, University of North Carolina at Charlotte.

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Biographical/Historical note

These records represent part of a larger collection of original and microfilmed documents from all 100 North Carolina counties, which have been deposited in the Local Records Section of the North Carolina Division of Archives and History in Raleigh. The Court Records originated from the primary administrative and judicial body of the N.C. county the County Court of Pleas and Quarter Sessions. Established in the Fundamental Constitutions of 1669, the County Court met quarterly to exercise limited civil and criminal jurisdiction and to administer affairs such as the levying of taxes, the recordings of property conveyances, and the erection of public buildings. The official records of these sessions are the Minutes, kept by the Clerk of the Court. In 1868, the County Court of Pleas and Quarter Sessions was abolished. The Board of County Commissioners assumed the Court's administrative functions; the Superior Court assumed the judicial functions. The Estates Records originated also from the office of the County Court of Pleas and Quarter Sessions before 1868, and after, from the office of the Clerk of Superior Court. They relate to the probate jurisdiction of the office, involving the supervision and control of fiduciary relationships. These records contain information on the administration of estates and include original bonds, accounts, and settlements of estates, as well as detailed inventories of the property of deceased persons. The records were filed with the office by the administrators and executors of estates. The Land Records originated from the office of the Register of Deeds, whose duty was to record all actions acknowledged by the County Court of Pleas and Quarter Sessions. His primary responsibility involved registration of real estate. The Record of Deeds includes the permanent record of real estate conveyances, encumbrances, mortgage deeds, deeds of trust, bills of sale, crop liens, and chattel mortgages. The largest group of records is the real estate conveyances, the official document relating to the transfer of title. Although the real estate conveyances were at first recorded in the Record of Deeds together with other documents, it became common practice by the end of the nineteenth century to file the conveyances in separate volumes, because of their bulk and frequent use. The Tax Records were kept by the County Court of Pleas and Quarter Sessions until 1868, and by the clerk of Superior Court thereafter. The primary tax record is the Tax List, an annual compilation of taxpayers and taxables. The lists are arranged by township, with taxpayers filed alphabetically therein, and were prepared from the individual tax scrolls of each tax collector. [For further information, see The Historical Records of North Carolina. 3 volumes. (Raleigh, 1938-39); Guide to Research Materials in the North Carolina State Archives, Section B: County Records. 3rd edition. (Raleigh, 1975); and The Formation of the North Carolina Counties, 1663- 1943 (Raleigh, 1950).]

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Scope and Contents note

Microfilm copies of county records preserved in the North Carolina State Archives. Includes court, estate, land, and tax records from Alamance, Beaufort, Bertie, Brunswick, Chowan, Craven, Currituck, New Hanover, Orange, Pasquotank, Perquimans, Rowan, and Wake counties, dating primarily from the 18th and 19th centuries.

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Arrangement note

The records are divided into four categories: Court Records; Estates Record; Land Records; and Tax Records. The records are organized alphabetically by county, and within each county, alphabetically by record type. Microfilm reels are filed numerically according to the series number noted after each record type.

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Administrative Information

Publication Information

J. Murrey Atkins Library Special Collections, UNC Charlotte

9201 University City Blvd.
Charlotte, NC, 28223
704-687-1170
spec-coll@uncc.edu

Conditions Governing Access note

Collection is open for research.

Conditions Governing Use note

Some material may be copyrighted or restricted. It is the patron's obligation to determine and satisfy copyright or other case restrictions when publishing or otherwise distributing materials found in the collections.

Immediate Source of Acquisition note

Purchased from N.C. Division of Archives and History, 1976.

Processing Information note

Processed by James Kusik

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Controlled Access Headings

Geographic Name(s)

  • North Carolina--History
  • North Carolina--History--1775-1865--Sources

Subject(s)

  • County government--North Carolina

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Collection Inventory

Box Folder

ALAMANCE COUNTY COURT RECORDS: County Court of Pleas and Quarter Sessions Minutes (C.001 90014), 1849-60, 1866-68.

MF1.1 1

ALAMANCE COUNTY OFFICIALS, COUNTY: Board of County Commissioners Minutes (C.001 30001), 1868-1884

MF1.1 1

BEAUFORT COUNTY LAND RECORDS: Real Estate Conveyances (C.009 40001-40003), 1701-1793

MF1.1 1

BERTIE COUNTY COURT RECORDS: County Court of Pleas and Quarter Sessions Minutes (C.010 30001-30007), 1724-1867

MF1.1 1

BERTIE COUNTY ESTATES RECORDS: includes Record of Deeds, 1721-1871 (C.010 40001-40034); and Record of Inventories and Sales, 1867-71 (C.010 50031), 1721-1871

MF1.1 1-3

BRUNSWICK COUNTY COURT RECORDS: County Court of Pleas and Quarter Sessions Minutes (C.012 30001-30002), 1782-86, 1789-1801, 1805-68.

MF1.1 3

BRUNSWICK COUNTY LAND RECORDS: Real Estate Conveyances (C.012 40001-40007), 1764-1870

MF1.1 3-4

CHOWAN COUNTY ESTATE RECORDS: Record of Estates (C.024 50001-50005), 1745-1811

MF1.1 5

CHOWAN COUNTY LAND RECORDS: Record of Deeds (C.024 40001-40017), 1700-48, 1753-58, 1761-1801, 1804-72.

MF1.1 4-5

CHOWAN COUNTY TAX RECORDS: List of Taxables (C.024 70001), 1801-10, 1814-26.

MF1.1 5

CRAVEN COUNTY COURT RECORDS: County Court of Pleas and Quarter Sessions Minutes (93-1 to 93-3), 1712-1758

MF1.1 5

CURRITUCK COUNTY LAND RECORDS: Record of Deeds (C.030 40002), 1739-1805

MF1.1 5

NEW HANOVER COUNTY COURT RECORDS: County Court of Pleas and Quarter Sessions Minutes (C.070 30001-30009), 1738-69, 1771-1825, 1827-68.

MF1.2 1

NEW HANOVER COUNTY--TAX RECORDS: Tax Lists (C.070 70003), 1856, 1865-66, 1871, 1877, 1885.

MF1.2 1

ORANGE COUNTY ESTATES RECORDS: Inventories, Sales, and Accounts of Estates (C.073 50048-50058), 1758-85, 1800-34, 1837-1912.

MF1.2 2-3

ORANGE COUNTY LAND RECORDS: Record of Deeds (C.073 40001-40020), 1755-1872

MF1.2 1-2

ORANGE COUNTY POOR RECORDS: includes Wardens of the Poor, 1832-56 (C.073 9043); Wardens of the Poor, Proceedings, 1856-79 (C.073 00044); and Poor House Book, 1742-1868 (C.073 90045), 1842-1868

MF1.2 3

ORANGE COUNTY TAX RECORDS: includes Tax List, 1779-83 (C.073 70001 70002); and Tax Scroll, 1866-1915 (C.073 70008), 1770-83, 1866-1915

MF1.2 3

PASQUOTANK COUNTY COURT RECORDS: County Court of Pleas and Quarter Sessions Minutes (C.075 30001-30005), 1737-1868

MF1.2 3-4

PASQUOTANK COUNTY ESTATES RECORDS: Inventories of Estates (C.075 50033), 1795-1854

MF1.2 5

PASQUOTANK COUNTY LAND RECORDS: Record of Deeds (C.75 40001-40016), 1700-1870

MF1.2 4-5

PASQUOTANK COUNTY TAX RECORDS: Tax List (C.075 70001-70003), 1797-1825, 1830, 1844, 1846, 1859-52, 1872-74

MF1.2 5

PERQUIMANS COUNTY COURT RECORDS: County Court of Pleas and Quarter Sessions Minutes (Precinct Court) 1688-1706, 1735-38 (C.077 30001); and Minutes (County Court) 1738-42, 1752-55, 1759-61, 1774, 1784-89 (C.077 30002), 1688-1789

MF1.2 5

PERQUIMANS COUNTY LAND RECORDS: Record of Deeds (C.077 40001-40002), 1681-1801

MF1.2 5

ROWAN COUNTY COURT RECORDS: County Court of Pleas and Quarter Sessions Minutes (C.085 30001-30004), 1752-1800

MF1.2 5

ROWAN COUNTY COURT RECORDS: County Court of Pleas and Quarter Sessions Minutes (C.085 30005-30009), 1800-1868

MF1.3 1

ROWAN COUNTY LAND RECORDS: Record of Deeds (C.085 40001-40019), 1753-1830

MF1.3 2

ROWAN COUNTY TAX RECORDS: Tax List (C.085 70004), 1849-51, 1853, 1855-58, 1860, 1862-64, 1866-69, 1873-76.

MF1.3 2

WAKE COUNTY COURT RECORDS: County Court of Pleas and Quarter Sessions Minutes (C.099 30005-30009), 1827-1868

MF1.3 2

WAKE COUNTY LAND RECORDS: Real Estate Conveyances (C.099 40001-40015), 1785-1870

MF1.3 2-3