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Wilkes Family Papers

Filing title: 
Wilkes Family Papers

Wilkes family papers
MS0038

Summary Information

Repository
J. Murrey Atkins Library Special Collections, UNC Charlotte
Creator
Wilkes family
Title
Wilkes family papers
ID
MS0038
Date [inclusive]
1818-1947
Extent
1.75 Linear feet
Location note
For current information on the location of these materials, please consult University of North Carolina at Charlotte.
Language
English
Abstract
Papers of a family that settled in Charlotte in the 1850s. Contains extensive records involving the purchase and operations of gold mines, mills, and other businesses owned by the family and by their Renwick and Smedberg relations in North Carolina and South Carolina beginning in the 1820s. Also contains papers of Admiral Charles Wilkes (1798-1877) pertaining to the U.S. Exploring Expedition of 1838-42, correspondence relating to his purchase of the High Shoals Iron Works in Gaston County, N.C., deeds and contracts concerning his property in Washington, D.C., and papers of his first wife, Jane Renwick Wilkes (d. 1848), relating to her marriage settlement and estate. Also contains papers of his son, John Wilkes (1827-1908), including naval journals and scrapbooks, business correspondence, and records of the firm Edmund Wilkes & Brother concerning the construction of the Piedmont and the Chatham railroads during the Civil War. Also contains papers of John's wife, Jane Renwick Smedberg Wilkes (1827-1913), including valentines (1848-52) received before her marriage and minutes (1876-81) of the Church Aid Society of St. Peter's Episcopal Church, which established St. Peter's Hospital, the state's first civilian hospital, in 1876. Includes no significant material relating to the family's long ownership of the Mecklenburg Iron Works.

Preferred Citation note

Wilkes Family Papers. J. Murrey Atkins Library Special Collections, University of North Carolina at Charlotte.

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Biographical/Historical note

Charles Wilkes was born on April 3, 1798 in New York City to John De Ponthieu and Mary Seton Wilkes. He was the great nephew of the late 18th-century British politician John Wilkes. In 1826, he married Jane Jeffrey Renwick, a niece of James Renwick (1792-1863), renowned professor of engineering at Columbia College [now University] and a cousin to James Renwick (1818-95), architect of St. Patrick's Cathedral in New York City and the Smithsonian Building in Washington, D.C. The Renwick family had been early investors in Charlotte-area gold mines. As a lieutenant in the U.S. Navy, Wilkes became connected with the United States Exploring Expedition, the first government sponsored expedition of its kind, and set sail in 1838 in command of a voyage to explore the South Pacific, Cape Horn, and the Antarctic Ocean. Four years later, the expedition returned to New York City with thousands of plant and animal specimens, maps of new regions, and enough botanical, zoological, geographic, meteorological and cultural data to fill at least 21 published volumes. Despite this achievement, history remembers Charles as the commander of the U.S.S. San Jacinto, a sloop of war that seized the British mail steamer Trent in 1861, capturing four Confederate agents. The act gained Charles much popular support in the North but nearly resulted in war with Britain. [In spite of his action in the Trent affair, his services as an explorer were recognized by the Royal Geographical Society.] Later, he was court-martialled for disobedience, disrespect, insubordination, and conduct unbecoming an officer for remarks he made about the Secretary of the Navy, Gideon Wells. After the Civil War, he bought the High Shoals Iron Works in Gaston and Lincoln counties, N.C. That business venture was abandoned in 1871. He and Jane (d. 1848) had four children: John (1827-1908) [see below]; Jane (b. 1829); Edmund (b. 1832, m. Elizabeth "Bessie" Van Buren, 1854); and Eliza (1838-1908). Charles remarried in 1854 to Mary H. Lynch Bolton. They had two children: Mary (b. 1859) and Charles Smith (b. 1865; died in infancy). Wilkes died on February 8, 1877 in Washington, D.C. Buried in Rock Creek Cemetery, his remains were reinterred in Arlington National Cemetery in 1920.

John (Jack) Wilkes was born on March 31, 1827. He entered the Navy in 1841 as his father before him and graduated first in the first class at the U.S. Naval Academy in 1847. Upon his return from his voyage on the U.S.S. Marion in 1852, John took a leave of absence from service. He came to Charlotte in late 1853 in order to supervise the family milling and mining property. In 1854, he married his first cousin, Jane Renwick Smedberg of New York. Following his resignation from the Navy later that same year, John and Jane moved to St. Catherine's Mills outside of Charlotte. In 1858 he purchased the Mecklenburg Flour Mills, which served as a chief supplier of the Army of Virginia during the Civil War.

With North Carolina's secession from the Union in 1861, John Wilkes became a member of the Home Guards in Charlotte. After the Civil War, President Andrew Johnson and Secretary of State William Henry Seward relieved John of the consequences of his involvement in the Confederacy. Upon receipt of the pardon in 1865, John procured a charter for the First National Bank of Charlotte, the first national bank to be chartered south of the Potomac River.

In 1859, John purchased the Mecklenburg Iron Works. He relinquished ownership during the Civil War, when the Confederacy used the foundry as a major supplier of shells and machinery for its navy. With the war's end in 1865, the Federal forces took possession of the foundry and then permitted Wilkes to repurchase the Iron Works. He also bought the Rock Island Woolen Mills, which later operated at the site of the flour mill as wheat production dwindled in the Carolinas. When the woolen mill failed in 1869 -- bringing financial ruin to Wilkes -- he reopened the Iron Works to support his family. The latter proved to be a great success and survived well into the mid-twentieth century.

A member of St. Peter's Episcopal Church in Charlotte, John served his parish in many capacities. This included vestryman (and senior warden), lay reader, treasurer, Sunday school teacher and superintendent, and representative on church councils. He also represented the Diocese of North Carolina at seven consecutive general conventions of the Episcopal Church beginning in 1886.

Jane Wilkes, wife of John Wilkes and philanthropist, is known as "the Godmother of North Carolina Hospitals." During the Civil War, she worked as a nurse in Confederate hospitals. As a member of St. Peter's Episcopal Church in Charlotte, she served as an officer of the parish's Church Aid Society from its organization from 1875 to her death. In 1876, the society established the state's first civilian hospital, the Charlotte Home and Hospital, which was merged with the publicly-funded Charlotte Memorial Hospital in 1940. She also helped found the city's Good Samaritan Hospital, which opened in 1891 as one of the nation's first hospitals built for African-Americans.

Jane and John had nine children, several of whom died very young. Of those who survived into adulthood, sons John Frank (1864-1953) and James Renwick (1871-1939) worked at the Mecklenburg Iron Works and maintained the business following their father's death. Daughther Agnes married A. G. Rankin and their son, John Wilkes Rankin, entered the U.S. Naval Academy in 1904.

John Wilkes died in Charlotte on July 6, 1908. Jane Wilkes died in Charlotte in January 19, 1913. The Bishop of the Diocese of North Carolina (Episcopal), the Right Reverend Joseph Blount Chesire, officated at her funeral. The Wilkes are buried in Elmwood Cemetery in Charlotte.

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Scope and Contents note

A large portion of this collection deals with property belonging to Charles Wilkes that later came under John's control as he assumed power of attorney for his father, which included several lots and structures in Washington D.C. Also includes an original drawing and map from the 1838 exploring expedition and many letters from Charles that allude to his colorful past. Among John Wilkes's papers are his 1842 appointment as midshipman, signed by President John Tyler and his appointment as passed midshipman signed in 1848 by President Zachary Taylor. The collection includes a scrapbook of short stories clipped from newspapers and a series of journals (1841 52) that give detailed accounts of John's daily observations while at sea. His depiction of life on board the U.S.S. Marion as it sailed to the Orient describes his friendships among the young officers and his perceptions of the cultures encountered at various Chinese and Pacific ports. Documenting John Wilkes service to the Confederacy is the deed for the Mecklenburg Iron Works that he signed over to the Confederate States of America, as well as John's and Edmund's involvement in railroad development. A pardon signed by President Andrew Johnson and Secretary of State William Henry Seward relieved John of the consequences of his involvement in the Confederacy. Upon receipt of the pardon in 1865, John procured a charter for the First National Bank of Charlotte, the first national bank to be chartered south of the Potomac River. Other items found in the collection include 19th century family photograph albums, medals from mining engineering conventions, and a small group of memorabilia from St. Peter's Episcopal Church in Charlotte. In addition to a group of valentines from Jane's various suitors are several pieces of correspondence and legal contracts between John and Jane's illustrious family. Although this collection contains almost nothing about the Mecklenburg Iron Works, it does include financial documents related to John Wilkes's various business dealings.

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Arrangement note

The Wilkes Family Papers are divided into the following series: 1: Subject Files (1818-1988); 2: Photographs (1865-1909).

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Administrative Information

Publication Information

J. Murrey Atkins Library Special Collections, UNC Charlotte 1996 and 2010

9201 University City Blvd.
Charlotte, NC, 28223
704-687-1170
spec-coll@uncc.edu

Conditions Governing Access note

Collection is open for research.

Conditions Governing Use note

Some material may be copyrighted or restricted. It is the patron's obligation to determine and satisfy copyright or other case restrictions when publishing or otherwise distributing materials found in the collections.

Immediate Source of Acquisition note

Gift of Mrs. James Renwick Wilkes Jr., 1989.

Processing Information note

Processed by Tricia Kent, 1996; encoded by Robert A. McInnes, 2010

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Related Materials

Related Archival Materials note

[For further information, see box 1:1 in this collection; Samuel A. Ashe, ed., Biographical History of North Carolina (1906): vol. 5: 473-79; LeGette Blythe and Charles Raven Brockmann, Hornets' Nest (1961); Janette Thomas Greenwood, Presbyterian Hospital (Taylor, 1991); William S. Powell, ed., Dictionary of North Carolina Biography (1996): vol. 6: 198-99; and Allen W. Trelease, The North Carolina Railroad, 1849-1871, and the Modernization of North Carolina (1991).]

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Controlled Access Headings

Family Name(s)

  • Wilkes family

Geographic Name(s)

  • North Carolina--History
  • South Carolina--History

Subject(s)

  • Gold mines and mining--North Carolina--Mecklenburg County

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Collection Inventory

Series 1: SUBJECT FILES 1818-1988

Scope and Contents note

This series contains various subject files concerning the Wilkes and Renwicks families. Includes biographical and genealogical information, correspondence, journals, legal documents, reports, scrapbooks, and slave records. These files relate primarily to Charles Wilkes, John Wilkes, and Jane Renwick Smedberg Wilkes.

Box Folder

WILKES FAMILY--GENERAL INFORMATION: undated

Scope and Contents note

Biographical and genealogical information on the Wilkes and Renwick families and descriptions of collections of Wilkes family papers in other repositories, including Duke University and the Library of Congress.

1 1

WILKES, CHARLES--CORRESPONDENCE 1818-1874

1 2

WILKES, CHARLES--U.S. EXPLORING EXPEDITION 1840-1988

Scope and Contents note

Includes original sketch (1840) "On the Broom Road, Tahiti" by expedition artist A. T. Agate. Reproduced in his Narrative, v. 2, p. 240, it is identified there as being in New South Wales. Also includes an annotated, hand colored "Map of the World Shewing the Tracks of the U.S. Exploring Expedition..." (1842), which may have served as the basis of later, more specialized maps; and a charcoal and pencil drawing of a harbor scene, possibly in Hawaii, signed "F. B. M."

1 3

WILKES, CHARLES--SKETCH OF WYOMING VALLEY 1852

1 4

WILKES, CHARLES--DEEP RIVER REPORT 1859

Scope and Contents note

Copy of his report "Upon the Character and Resources of the Region of the Country in the Neighborhood of Deep River in this State" (North Carolina Executive and Legislative Document No. 60, 1858/59).

1 5

WILKES, CHARLES--HIGH SHOALS IRON WORKS 1859-1874

Scope and Contents note

Material relating to his attempt to purchase and secure legal title to the High Shoals Iron Works in Gaston County. (See also correspondence between Charles and John Wilkes, box 2, folders 1 2 and Max Williams, ed., Papers of William A. Graham, v. VII: 1866 68, Raleigh: Division of Archives and History, 1984.)

1 6

WILKES, CHARLES--WASHINGTON, D.C. PROPERTY 1868-1906

Scope and Contents note

Deeds, contracts, and receipts relating to the purchase, construction, and furnishing of property owned by Wilkes and deeded by him to John Wilkes in 1870. Includes abstract of title from George Washington.

1 7-8

WILKES, JANE RENWICK--PROPERTY AND ESTATE PAPERS 1826-1852

Scope and Contents note

Legal papers relating to the administration of property inherited by Jane Renwick Wilkes (Mrs. Charles Wilkes) from her father William Renwick, Sr. and included in her marriage settlement.

1 9

WILKES, JANE RENWICK--PROPERTY AND ESTATE PAPERS 1826-30, 1849-52 OVERSIZE MATERIAL

Scope and Contents note

OF 7:4

RENWICK AND WILKES MINING INTERESTS 1829-1905

Scope and Contents note

Primarily legal documents involving the purchase and operation of mines and other businesses owned by the Renwick, Wilkes, and, to a lesser extent, Smedberg families in North and South Carolina. Mines include the Maxwell, the McComb (also known as the Charlotte and the St. Catherine), the Catawba, and the Capps. Includes items (1829 60) relating to J. Humphrey Bissell's claims to some of the property; and stock certificates (1853) for the St. Catherine's Gold Mining Co. Folder 15 contains a map of the Capps Mine.

1 10-11

RENWICK AND WILKES MINING INTERESTS 1829-1905

2 1-4

RENWICK AND WILKES MINING INTERESTS 1831, 1854, 1897 OVERSIZE MATERIAL.

Scope and Contents note

Includes a document (10-12-1831) signed by Count Chevalier Vincent de Rivafinoli; survey (1854) of McComb mine; and a certificate (5-31-1897) signed by North Carolina governor Daniel L. Russell appointing John Wilkes a delegate to the International Gold Mining Convention in Denver (July, 1897)

OF 7:4

WILKES, JOHN--SCRAPBOOK 1841-1889

Scope and Contents note

Contains correspondence and other documents relating to his naval career and later public activities. Among the more important items are his commission as a midshipman (5-27-1842) signed by President John Tyler, his commission as a passed midshipman (9-25-1849) signed by President Zachary Taylor, and his pardon for having supported the Confederacy (7-3-1865) signed by President Andrew Johnson. Also includes letters by George Badger (9-9-1841), D. G. Farragut (9-25-1841), George Bancroft (5-20-1845), William A. Graham (6-22, 7-7-1852), and John Pendleton Kennedy (12-30-1852); commissions (10-5-1861, 1-10-1862) for service in the Charlotte Guards, 86th Regiment, 21st Brigade, North Carolina Militia; and exemptions (5-9, 8-25-1864) from further military duty.

2 5

WILKES, JOHN--SCRAPBOOK circa 1840

Scope and Contents note

Kept by him as midshipman. Includes clippings from various literary magazines, with stories and essays by such writers as William Cullen Bryant, Washington Irving, and William Gilmore Simms.

2 6

WILKES, JOHN--NAVAL JOURNALS 1841-1852

Arrangement note

Five volumes, including Vol. 1, 1841-50: primarily rules, regulations, and orders Wilkes copied out relating to his service on the U.S.S. Delaware (5-7-1841), his first assignment; U.S.S. Mississippi (6-16-1845); U.S.S. Cumberland (off Vera Cruz) (6-26-1846); and U.S.S. Marion (1-1850), his last voyage; Vol. 2 (9-22-1847 to 8-23-1848): concerns his service as master of the U.S.S. Albany in the Gulf of Mexico [see also vol. 4]; Vol. 3 (12-25-1849 to 7-6-1851): journal of his voyage on the Marion. Includes his account and other documents regarding an explosion on the Portuguese ship Dona Isabella Segunda in Macao on 10-29-1850, in which he led the rescue; Vol. 4 (7-7-1851 to 4-4-1852): continues his voyage on the Marion. Entry of 9-11-1851 includes reflections on possible reasons for resigning his commission, concern for his father and sisters, and relationship with his future wife. Also includes data on his service on the Albany (1847-48); and Vol. 5 (4-5-1852 to 6-21-1852): conclusion of voyage and arrival in New York City.

2 7-8

WILKES, JOHN--NAVAL JOURNALS 1841-1852

3 1-3

WILKES, JOHN--CORRESPONDENCE 1866-1906

Scope and Contents note

Primarily letters to him from his father relating to the latter's difficulties at High Shoals. Other correspondents include Edmund Wilkes (1872, 1874, 1906), relating to his financial problems; William A. Graham (7-31-1874, 1-19-1875) concerning the suit Wilkes v. DeRosset and others (see above 1:6); and W. W. Baldwin, a business associate.

3 4-6

WILKES, JOHN--SLAVE RECORDS 1858-1865

3 7

WILKES, JOHN--FINANCIAL RECORDS 1861-1899

Scope and Contents note

Includes certificates for stock in the Confederate Publishing Co. (n.d.) and the Rock Island Manufacturing Co. (1866) and receipts (2-8-1866) for his repurchase of property he had sold the Confederacy for its Navy Yard and on which he built the Mecklenburg Iron Works.

4 1

WILKES, JOHN--EDMUND WILKES & BROTHER 1862-1867

Scope and Contents note

Correspondence, contracts, and other records of a firm organized by John and his brother Edmund to build the Piedmont Rail Road between Danville, Va. and Greensboro, N.C. (1862-64). Also contains records relating to similar work for the Chatham Railroad from Raleigh, N.C. to Deep River N.C. (1864-65) and to Edmund's termination as superintendent of the North Carolina Railroad (1867). [For further information on Edmund's involvement with the North Carolina Railroad, see The North Carolina Railroad, 1849-1871, and the Modernization of North Carolina (1991).]

4 2

WILKES, JOHN--CHURCH RECORDS 1853-1897

Scope and Contents note

Includes correspondence (April-June, 1874) between him and the Rev. Benjamin S. Bronson, rector of St. Peter's Episcopal Church, regarding the latter's resignation.

4 3

WILKES, JOHN--U.S. NAVAL ACADEMY 1893-1905

Scope and Contents note

Includes copy of his speech to the 1897 graduating class, the fiftieth anniversary of his graduation.

4 4

WILKES, JANE SMEDBERG (MRS. JOHN)--CORRESPONDENCE 1838-1903

Scope and Contents note

Primarily valentines received by Jane Smedberg before her marriage to John Wilkes.

4 5

WILKES, JANE SMEDBERG (MRS. JOHN)--ST. PETER'S HOSPITAL 1875-1936

Scope and Contents note

Includes minutes and yearly reports (1875-81) of the Church Aid Society of St. Peter's Episcopal Church of which Jane Wilkes was an officer from its organization from 1875 to her death. In 1876, the society established the state's first civilian hospital, which was merged with the publicly-funded Charlotte Memorial Hospital in 1940.

4 6

JEFFREY, AGNES--WATERCOLOR 1893

Scope and Contents note

Watercolor of "Ruins of Lochmaben Castle." [NOTE: Jeffrey's exact relationship to the family has not been determined.]

4 7

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Series 2: PHOTOGRAPHS 1865-1909

Scope and Contents note

This series contains photographs of members of the Wilkes and Smedberg families. The majority of photographs are set in two albums, 88 photographs including 2 ambrotypes, 2 photograph albums, and loose photographs. Subjects are the Wilkes and Smedberg families, including some Smedberg relatives in Sweden, and family friends, including Bishop Phillips Brooks (P38/3, composer of "O Little Town of Bethlehem").

Box
5

ALBUM 1 (AL38-1)

Box Folder

Mary E. Leigh 1885

Scope and Contents note

[From Elizabeth City, N.C.; cabinet albumen print; photographer: Rockwell's Gallery, Petersburg, Va.]

AL38- 1/1

Agnes Adams 1881

Scope and Contents note

[Cabinet albumen print; photographer: Alman & Co., New York, N.Y.]

AL38- 1/2

Phillips Brooks 1835-1893 (Bulk, 1893)

Scope and Contents note

[Composer of "O Little Town of Bethlehem"; date from back; cabinet albumen print; photographer: D. W. Colbath, Jamaica Plain, Mass.]

AL38- 1/3

F. James Fitch 1883

Scope and Contents note

[Man with fishing gear; cabinet albumen print; photographer: Forshew, Hudson, N.Y.]

AL38- 1/4

J. Pembroke Jones 1875

Scope and Contents note

[Cabinet albumen print; photographer: Lombardi & Co., London ?]

AL38- 1/5

William Renwick Smedberg circa late 19th century

Scope and Contents note

[probably brother of Jane (Smedberg) Wilkes; cabinet albumen print; photographer: Bradley & Rulofson, San Francisco, Calif.]

AL38- 1/6

Fanny Raymond Smedberg circa late 19th century

Scope and Contents note

[wife of William Renwick Smedberg; cabinet albumen print; photographer: Bradley & Rulofson, San Francisco, Calif.)]

AL38- 1/7

Jane Wilkes 1884

Scope and Contents note

[Jane Renwick (Smedberg) Wilkes; cabinet albumen print; photographer: J. H. Van Ness, Charlotte, N.C.]

AL38- 1/8

Bessie Aycock 1889

Scope and Contents note

[Aged 11 months; cabinet albumen print; photographer: J. H. Van Ness, Charlotte, N.C.]

AL38- 1/9

Jeanie Smedberg undated

Scope and Contents note

[Infant; possibly child of William Renwick Smedberg; born 3-29-1885; cabinet albumen print]

AL38- 1/10

Paul Wilkes 1866-1894 (Bulk, 1881)

Scope and Contents note

[Son of John and Jane Wilkes; cabinet albumen print; photographer: J. H. Van Ness, Charlotte, N.C.]

AL38- 1/11

W. W. (M.?) Adams 1882

Scope and Contents note

[photograph taken at Fly's Photographic Gallery, Tombstone, Ariz.]

AL38- 1/12

Unidentified man and woman circa late 19th century

Scope and Contents note

[In fishing costumes; photo taken in San Francisco, Calif.]

AL38- 1/13

William Renwick Smedberg 1885

Scope and Contents note

[In military uniform]

AL38- 1/14

Mountain scene 1885

Scope and Contents note

[Mt. Hood, Rosalie Wilkes Jones written on back]

AL38- 1/15

Unidentified woman circa late 19th century

Scope and Contents note

[Photograph taken in Stockholm, Sweden]

AL38- 1/16

Jeanie (Prisian?) Beckman 1885

Scope and Contents note

[Subject from Stockholm, Sweden; Russian lettering on back; photograph from St. Petersburg, Russia]

AL38- 1/17

A dog circa late 19th century

Scope and Contents note

[Photograph of a dog; taken by J. H. Van Ness, Charlotte, N.C.]

AL38- 1/18

Paul Wilkes 1886

Scope and Contents note

[Note on bottom: "20 years old"; possibly John Wilkes' son who died at age 28; photograph taken at Van Ness Studios, Charlotte, N.C.]

AL38- 1/19

Paul Wilkes 1884

Scope and Contents note

[Age 18 years old; possibly John Wilkes's son who died at age 28]

AL38- 1/20

Unidentified woman circa late 19th century

Scope and Contents note

[Photograph taken in Washington, D.C.]

AL38- 1/21

Mrs. Eleonore Beckman circa late 19th century

Scope and Contents note

[Photograph taken in Stockholm, Sweden]

AL38- 1/22

Unidentified woman circa late 19th century

Scope and Contents note

[Photograph taken in Stockholm, Sweden]

AL38- 1/23

Unidentified man in military uniform circa late 19th century

Scope and Contents note

[Photograph taken in Brooklyn, N.Y.]

AL38- 1/24

Isabel M. Keanny 1882

Scope and Contents note

[Note on back: "aged 2 years and 3 months"]

AL38- 1/25

Unidentified man circa late 19th century

Scope and Contents note

[Photograph taken by Alman & Co., N.Y.]

AL38- 1/26

Unidentified man 1880

Scope and Contents note

[Note on back: "April 14th, 1880, Smithport, Conn., Rosalie Wilkes, Charlotte, N. C.]

AL38- 1/27

Agnes Smedberg Adams 1880

Scope and Contents note

[An infant, aged "6 months old"; photograph taken in Bridgeport, Conn.]

AL38- 1/28

Unidentified woman circa late 19th century

Scope and Contents note

[Photograph taken in New York, N.Y.]

AL38- 1/29

Jeanie (?) 1865

Scope and Contents note

[Approximately 7-10 years old; possibly John Wilkes daughter that dies at age 10]

AL38- 1/30

Unidentified man and woman undated

Scope and Contents note

[One adult male and one adult female dwarf; possibly General and Mrs. Tom Thumb]

AL38- 1/31

Peo. (?) Paisley circa late 19th century

Scope and Contents note

[Photograph taken by Van Ness, Charlotte, N.C.]

AL38- 1/32

Unidentified boy circa late 19th century

Scope and Contents note

[Approximately 7-10 years old; photograph taken by Van Ness, Charlotte, N.C.]

AL38- 1/33

Unidentified child circa late 19th century

Scope and Contents note

[Approximately 2 years old]

AL38- 1/34

A. F. Smith 1882

Scope and Contents note

[Note on back: "Mrs. John Wilkes with kind regards of her friend A. F. Smith, Ringwood, N.C.; photograph taken at Andrews Gallery, Raleigh, N.C.]

AL38- 1/35

Emily Louise Elliott circa late 19th century

Scope and Contents note

[7 months old; note on back: "For Dear little Mrs. Wilkes from Emily's momma]

AL38- 1/36

Rosalie Wilkes circa late 19th century

Scope and Contents note

[Note on back: "Yours most lovingly Ro. Wilkes"; daughter of John Wilkes, later married Jones]

AL38- 1/37

ALBUM 2 (AL38-2)

Box Folder

Jane Wilkes circa late 19th century

Scope and Contents note

[Jane Renwick Smedberg Wilkes, wife of John Wilkes; photograph by L. Alman, New York, N.Y.]

AL38- 2/38A

Jane Wilkes undated

Scope and Contents note

[Photograph by Rice, Washington, D.C.]

AL38- 2/38B

Unidentified man circa late 19th century

Scope and Contents note

[Photograph taken in New York, N.Y.]

AL38- 2/39

Agnes Adams circa late 19th century

AL38- 2/40

William Adams circa late 19th century

AL38- 2/41

Unidentified man 1878

Scope and Contents note

[Photograph taken at Frank Robbins Studios, Oil City, Pa.]

AL38- 2/42

William Renwick Smedberg, Fanny Raymond Smedberg, William R. Smedberg Jr., and Nellie Smedberg circa late 19th century

AL38- 2/43

Olivia Goodrich circa late 19th century

Scope and Contents note

[Aged 81 years old; New York]

AL38- 2/44

Cora Friedberg 1875

Scope and Contents note

[Aged 22 months old]

AL38- 2/45

Unidentified woman and infant identified as Oscar Eastland Smedberg 1884

Scope and Contents note

[Infant was born November 14, 1883 and died February 3, 1884; photograph taken February 1, 1884]

AL38- 2/46

Rosalie Wilkes 1880

Scope and Contents note

[Note on back: "For Mother and Father from Rosalie Wilkes"; daughter of John Wilkes and Jane Smedberg Wilkes]

AL38- 2/47

Rosalie Wilkes 1880

Scope and Contents note

[Note on back: "For Father and Mother with best love from their aff. daughter Rosalie"; daughter of John Wilkes and Jane Smedberg Wilkes]

AL38- 2/48

Mrs. John Francis Wilkes (Frances Lucas) circa late 19th century

Scope and Contents note

[Note on back: "Mrs. John Wilkes, mee' Nannie E. Beale"; daughter-in-law of John Wilkes; photograph taken by Van Ness, Charlotte, N.C.]

AL38- 2/49

Madeleine Whitlock Macy

Scope and Contents note

[Aged six years and ten months]

AL38- 2/50

Agnes Adams circa late 19th century

Scope and Contents note

[Taken by H. E. Mendelssohn Studios, New York, N.Y.]

AL38- 2/51

Agnes Adams 1885

AL38- 2/52

Rosalie Wilkes Jones 1885

Scope and Contents note

[Note on back: "Mrs. R. Lockwood Jones, daughter of John Wilkes"]

AL38- 2/53

Agnes Wilkes Rankin 1886

Scope and Contents note

[Note on back: "Mrs. A. Erwin Rankin, Agnes Wilkes, daughter of John Wilkes"]

AL38- 2/54

John Adams Smedberg 1888

AL38- 2/55

William Renwick Smedberg undated

AL38- 2/56-57

Paul Wilkes 1886

Scope and Contents note

[Aged 20 years old, possibly son of John Wilkes that died at age 28]

AL38- 2/58

John Wilkes Rankin 1887

Scope and Contents note

[Note on back: "4 months and 2 weeks old", John Wilkes' grandsons' parents (?) are Agnes Wilkes and A. Irwin Rankin, married February, 1886]

AL38- 2/59

Carl Gustaf Adams 1888

Scope and Contents note

[Note on back: "aged 8 months, born July, 1887]

AL38- 2/60

P. P. Zimmerman 1895

Scope and Contents note

[Photograph by H. Baumgarten, 7th W. Trade Street, Charlotte, N.C.]

AL38- 2/61

Unidentified woman 1887

AL38- 2/62

Unidentified girl, possibly Mary Wilkes ? circa mid-1860's

Scope and Contents note

[She looks very similar to a photograph of Mary Wilkes, born in 1859, daughter of Mary Bolton Wilkes and Charles Wilkes; Mary Wilkes was also the half sister of John Wilkes]

AL38- 2/63

Unidentified woman circa late 19th century

Scope and Contents note

[Photograph taken in New York, N.Y.]

AL38- 2/64
Box Folder

FOLDER 1

AL38 1
Box Folder

Cora Smedberg 1887

Scope and Contents note

[Note on back: "13 years old"]

AL38- F1/65

William Renwick Smedberg, Jr. 1887

Scope and Contents note

[Date of "April 1887" does not make if he is "16 years old" as written on back; William Renwick Smedberg, Jr. as an infant pictured in AL38-2/43 would have been too young, his father too old]

AL38- F1/66

Hellen H. Smedberg 1887

Scope and Contents note

[Note on back: "18 years old"]

AL38- F1/67

Unidentified woman 1885

AL38- F1/68

May (Mary?) Bodfish 1874

Scope and Contents note

[Note on back: "9 years old"]

AL38- F1/69

Unidentified woman 1909?

Scope and Contents note

[Possibly a late picture of Jeanie Renwick Smedberg Wilkes in silver plate frame engraved with December 21st, 1909 (?) NOTE: print removed from frame; frame in box with albums]

AL38- F1/70

Unidentified woman undated

Scope and Contents note

["Gibson Girl" look suggests late 19th, early 20th century]

AL38- F1/71

Eleanor Quartes (?) Nesttle (?) circa early 1900's

AL38- F1/72

A football team with J. R. (James Renwick ?) Wilkes 1887

Scope and Contents note

[James Renwick Wilkes was the son of John Wilkes]

AL38- F1/73

Isabella Beckman undated

Scope and Contents note

[Note on back: "To Dear cousin Jeanie Wilkes from her affectionate Swedish cousin Isabella Beckman Stockholm, 2/10/98]

AL38- F1/74

Willie Trescot circa 1880's

Scope and Contents note

[Note on back: "died October 1st, 1889", approximately 5 years old in picture]

AL38- F1/75

Scene of dark room, possibly set for seance circa late 19th century

Scope and Contents note

[Note on back: "Excuse me for not being shaved! When this picture was taken; we had a perfectly moonlight night."]

AL38- F1/76

Unidentified woman circa late 19th century

Scope and Contents note

[Photograph taken in Washington, D.C.]

AL38- F1/77

Unidentified infant undated

Scope and Contents note

[Photograph taken by Readman, 18 S. Tryon Street, Charlotte, N.C.]

AL38- F1/78

Two unidentified men and one unidentified woman 1895

Scope and Contents note

[Photograph was possibly taken on board a ship; early Kodak box-camera picture; man to the right of woman is wearing a pin (like one in collection) from American Institution of Mining Engineers, meeting in Ocala, Fla. 1895; man is not John Wilkes]

AL38- F1/79

Two unidentified women circa late 19th century

Scope and Contents note

[Note on back: "For Mrs. Wilkes"; photograph taken by Van Ness & Son, Charlotte, N.C.]

AL38- F1/80

Carl Adams 1901

Scope and Contents note

[Child is approximately 8 years old]

AL38- F1/81

Mary Seton Wilkes (the picture is a painting) circa middle 18th century

Scope and Contents note

[Charles Wilkes' mother, wife of John DoPenthieu (?) Wilkes]

AL38- F1/82

John Wilkes, (Mayor of London) Mary Wilkes (Mrs. Haley), Sarah Wilkes, and Ann Wilkes (the picture is a drawing) circa middle 18th century

Scope and Contents note

[John Wilkes was the brother of Israel Wilkes who was Charles' grandfather; a gift from Sir George Sherston to James and Elza (?) Wilkes, Christmas 1904]

AL38- F1/83

Silhouette drawing of Jane Jeffrey Renwick Wilkes circa early-middle 18th century

Scope and Contents note

[The wife of Charles Wilkes]

AL38- F1/84

John Wilkes circa late 19th century

AL38- F1/87

TIN TYPES

Box Folder

Jane Wilkes circa middle 19th century

Scope and Contents note

[The sticker on frame says "Jane Wilkes" but tin type resembles Mary Bolton, Charles Wilkes' second wife (see painting of her on page 928 of Charles Wilkes's autobiography)]

AL38- TT1/85

Eliza Wilkes circa middle 19th century

Scope and Contents note

[Probably the sister of John Wilkes]

AL38- TT2/86

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