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Benjamin S. Horack Papers

Filing title: 
Horack (Benjamin) Papers

Guide to the Benjamin Horack papers
MS0042

Summary Information

Repository
J. Murrey Atkins Library Special Collections, UNC Charlotte
Creator
Horack, Benjamin S. (Benjamin Shambaugh), 1917-
Title
Benjamin S. Horack papers
ID
MS0042
Date [bulk]
Bulk, 1968-1971
Date [inclusive]
1918-1984
Extent
6.0 Linear feet
Language
English
Abstract
Papers of a Charlotte attorney relating to his defense of the Charlotte-Mecklenburg Board of Education in the landmark case, Swann v. Charlotte-Mecklenburg Board of Education, in which the U.S. Supreme Court ruled that busing to achieve racial integration of public schools is constitutional. Consists primarily of legal documentation of proceedings and briefs prepared by defendants and plaintiffs for presentation to the U.S. District Court for Western North Carolina, the Fourth Circuit Court of Appeals, and the Supreme Court. Also includes maps of proposed attendance zones, notes and correspondence, data on pupil placement plans and school transportation costs, clippings, and material relating to previous desegregation cases and to satellite suits, especially involving the North Carolina anti busing statute.

Preferred Citation note

Benjamin S. Horack Papers. J. Murrey Atkins Library Special Collections, University of North Carolina at Charlotte.

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Scope and Contents note

These papers primarily trace the progress of the case through the U.S. District Court, the U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals, and the U.S. Supreme Court through dockets filed with the various courts and through clippings about the case. The collection also documents similar desegregation cases but does not include significant documentation on Horack's formulation of his defense tactics. Most of the material is in photocopied or in printed form. Contains papers, primarily legal documentation, relating to Horack's defense of the Charlotte-Mecklenburg Board of Education in Swann v. Charlotte-Mecklenburg Board of Education, the case on which the U.S. Supreme Court ruled, in 1970, that busing to achieve racial desegregation of the schools is constitutional.

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Arrangement note

The Benjamin S. Horack Papers are divided into the following series: Series: 1: U.S. District Court Proceedings (1968-1970); 2: U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals Proceedings (1970); 3: U.S. Supreme Court Proceedings (1970); 4: Research Material (1952, 1965-1970); 5: Clippings (1969-1970); 6: Data on Proposed $8,000,000 Bond (1970-1971); 7: Newspapers and Magazines (1918-1984). Series 1 through 3 contain material relating to the particular court having jurisdiction over the case at the time the material was created or for which the material was prepared. These series also document the progress of subsidiary related suits regarding the North Carolina Anti Busing Statute and related cross petitioning. Includes orders, motions, memoranda of opinion, findings of fact, briefs and arguments, briefs amici curiae, affidavits and depositions, exhibits, and other dockets. Also included are briefs of petitioners and respondents, amici curiae, and other documentation. Series 4 contains documentation relating to other school desegregation cases and assorted correspondence, memoranda, research notes and data. Series 5 contains newspaper clippings documenting the case. Series 6 relates to a Mecklenburg County school bond issue affected by the pending litigation. [For a historical synopsis of Swann, see the Julius L. Chambers Papers.] Series 7 contains newspapers and magazines documenting major historical events.

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Administrative Information

Publication Information

J. Murrey Atkins Library Special Collections, UNC Charlotte 2001

9201 University City Blvd.
Charlotte, NC, 28223
704-687-1170
spec-coll@uncc.edu

Conditions Governing Access note

Collection is open for research.

Conditions Governing Use note

Some material may be copyrighted or restricted. It is the patron's obligation to determine and satisfy copyright or other case restrictions when publishing or otherwise distributing materials found in the collections.

Immediate Source of Acquisition note

Gift of Benjamin S. Horack, 1979, 1997.

Processing Information note

Additions processed by James Kusik, 2001. Updated by: Christopher Geissler and Rita Johnston, 2014.

Available Online

Selected materials have been digitized and are available in the digital collection Benjamin S. Horack Papers.

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Related Materials

Related Archival Materials note

Fred D. Alexander Papers (UNCC Manuscript 91); Kelly M. Alexander Papers (UNCC Manuscript 55); Julius L. Chambers Papers (UNCC Manuscript 85); Reginald A. Hawkins Papers (UNCC Manuscript 125); Margaret Whitton Ray Papers (UNCC Manuscript 131); William J. Waggoner Papers (UNCC Manuscript 221); James B. McMillan Papers, UNC-Chapel Hill (SHC #4676).

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Controlled Access Headings

Corporate Name(s)

  • Charlotte-Mecklenburg Board of Education.

Personal Name(s)

  • Horack, Benjamin S. (Benjamin Shambaugh), 1917-

Subject(s)

  • Busing for school integration--North Carolina--Charlotte

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Collection Inventory

 Series 1 U.S. District Court proceedings  

Scope and Contents note

The series primarily comprises offical court docket entries, arranged chronologically, reflecting the proceedings of the U.S. District Court for the Western District of North Carolina during its jurisdiction over the original Swann case and, through a special three judge court, over the satellite cases of Tom Harris, Mrs. Robert E. Moore, and the North Carolina Board of Education regarding the North Carolina anti-busing statute. The offical court documents include Judge James B. McMillan's major rulings throughout the proceedings. McMillan's "Memorandum of decision and order," dated 1970 August 3, is annotated by Horack.

Box Folder

Original Swann petition: official court documents 1968 September 6 - 1969 June 20 

1 1

Original Swann petition: official court documents 1969 June 22 - 1969 November 6 

1 2

Original Swann petition: official court documents 1969 November 8 - 1970 February 27 

1 3

Original Swann petition: official court documents 1970 March 2 - 1970 March 31 

1 4

Original Swann petition: official court documents 1970 June 8 - 1970 July 14 

1 5

Original Swann petition: official court documents (plaintiff's exhibits) 1970 July 16 

1 6

Original Swann petition: official court documents (defendant's exhibits) 1970 July 22 

1 7

Original Swann petition: official court documents 1970 August 3 - 1970 August 14 

1 8

Original Swann petition: official court documents 1970 September 18 - 1970 October 5 

1 9

Original Swann petition: miscellaneous documents 

1 10

Original Swann petition: exhibits: attendance area map #1 

1 11

Original Swann petition: exhibits: attendance area map #2 

1 12

Original Swann petition: exhibits: attendance area map #3 

1 13

Satellite suits and three judge court: official court documents 1969 December 1 - 1970 February 25   

Scope and Contents note

Includes dockets relating to satellite suits of Mrs. Robert E. Moore and Tom Harris against the Charlotte Mecklenburg Board of Education, and the North Carolina Board of Education against James E. Swann, et al. The material documents the progress of these cases in the Mecklenburg County Superior Court, the efforts to bring the suit under federal jurisdiction, the placement of the petitioners as additional parties defendant, the designation of a three judge district court under McMillan, J. Braxton Craven Jr., and John D. Butzner, arguments concerning McMillan's membership on the three judge court, and the court's ruling that the North Carolina anti busing statute is unconstitutional.

1 14

Satellite suits and three judge court: official court documents 1970 February 26 - 1970 July 28 

1 15

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 Series 2 U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals proceedings 1970 

Scope and Contents note

This series primarily comprises printed briefs prepared by the defendants and the plaintiffs for presentation to the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Fourth Circuit in May 1970.

Appeal, brief of appellants, and appendix 

Box Folder

James E. Swann, et al., appellees, v. The Charlotte-Mecklenburg Board of Education, appellants: on appeal from the United States District Court for the Western District of North Carolina 

1 16

James E. Swann, et al., appellees, v. Charlotte-Mecklenburg Board of Education, et al., appellants: on appeal from United States District Court for the Western District of North Carolina: brief of appellants 

1 16

James E. Swann, et al., appellees, v. Charlotte-Mecklenburg Board of Education, et al., appellants: on appeal from United States District Court for the Western District of North Carolina: appendix I 

1 16
Box Folder

Brief of Swann, et al. 

1 17

Briefs, amicus curiae 

2 1

Briefs of appellants: appendix II (items 1 - 3) 

2 2

Briefs of appellants: appendix II (item 4 part 1) 

2 3

Briefs of appellants: appendix II (item 4 part 2) 

2 4

Briefs of appellants: appendix II (items 5 - 12) 

2 5

Briefs of appellants: appendix II (items 13 - 21) 

2 6

Briefs of appellants: appendix II (items 22 - 26) 

2 7

Briefs of appellants: appendix II (items 27 - 38) 

2 8

Briefs of appellants: appendix II (items 39 - 43) 

2 9

Briefs of appellants: appendix II (items 44 - 46) 

2 10

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 Series 3 U.S. Supreme Court proceedings 1970 

Scope and Contents note

This series comprises material relating to the appeals of the original Swann suit from the Circuit Court of Appeals, and of the satellite suits from the three judge court, to the U.S. Supreme Court. The decisions of these two courts were appealed separately, and related material in this series is grouped according to route of appeal; however, these suits and two similar ones from Georgia and Alabama were heard together by the Supreme Court on October 12, 1970. Material consists of printed briefs prepared by representative firms for presentation to the Supreme Court and correspondence and related docket entries, particularly concerning the transfer of evidence to the Supreme Court (answering the Writ of Certiorari), the filing of briefs amici curiae and the efforts to have the Swann suit and the satellite suits heard together. Also includes the attendance maps used as an exhibit during the Supreme Court hearing.

Briefs relating to petition for writ of certiorari 1969 October 

Box Folder

James E. Swann, et al., petitioners and cross respondents, v. Charlotte-Mecklenburg Board of Education, et al., respondents and cross petitioners: cross petition for a writ of certiorari to the United States Court of Appeals for the Fourth Circuit 

Scope and Contents note

2 copies

2 11

James E. Swann, et al., petitioners, v. Charlotte-Mecklenburg Board of Education, et al., respondents: motion for leave to file brief amici curiae...and...brief amici curiae 

2 11

James E. Swann, et al., petitioners, v. Charlotte-Mecklenburg Board of Education, et al., respondents: on petition for a writ of certiorari to the United States Court of Appeals for the Fourth Circuit: memorandum for the United States as amicus curiae 

2 11

James E. Swann, et al., petitioners, v. Charlotte-Mecklenburg Board of Education, et al., respondents: on petition for a writ of certiorari to the United States Court of Appeals for the Fourth Circuit: Motion for leave to file brief amicus curiae and brief amicus curiae for the National Education Association 

2 11

James E. Swann, et al, petitioners, v. The Charlotte-Mecklenburg Board of Education, et al, respondents: Motion for leave to file brief amicus curiae and brief amicus curiae for the National Education Association 

2 11

Appeal from U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals: plaintiff's petition for writ of certiorari, and appendix 1970 

Box Folder

James E. Swann, et al., petitioners, v. Charlotte-Mecklenburg Board of Education, et al.: petition for a writ of certiorari to the United States Court of Appeals for the Fourth Circuit and motion to advance and for pendente lite relief 

2 12

James E. Swann, et al., petitioners, v. Charlotte-Mecklenburg Board of Education, et al. : appendix to petition for certiorari opinions below 

Scope and Contents note

2 copies

2 12

Appeal from U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals: brief for petitioners 

Box Folder

James E. Swann, et al., petitioners, v. Charlotte-Mecklenburg Board of Education, et al., respondents: on writ of certiorari to the United States Court of Appeals for the Fourth Circuit: brief for petitioners 

Scope and Contents note

2 copies

2 13
Box Folder

Miscellaneous motions and orders, and related correspondence 1970 March 11 - 1970 September 22 

Scope and Contents note

Includes "Statement of the US Commission on Civil Rights Concerning the 'Statement by the President on Elementary and Secondary School Desegregation,'" analyzing President Nixon's speech (3-24-70) on school integration; and Judge Craven's letter (3-11-70) to involved parties questioning whether he should sit on the circuit court because of his previous ruling on Swann in 1965.

2 14

Appeal from U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals: briefs amici curiae 

Box Folder

James E. Swann, et al., petitioners, v. Charlotte-Mecklenburg Board of Education, et al., respondents: on writ of certiorari to the United States Court of Appeals for the Fourth Circuit and Birdie Mae Davis, et al., petitioners, v. Board of School Commissioners of Mobile County, et al., respondents: on petition for writ of certiorari to the United States Court of Appeals for the Fifth Circuit, motion for leave to file brief amici curiae, out of time and brief amici curiae... 

2 15

James E. Swann, et al., petitioners, v. Charlotte-Mecklenburg Board of Education, et al., respondents: amici curiae brief of David E. Allgood, an infant, etc., et al. 

2 15

James E. Swann, et al., petitioners, v. Charlotte-Mecklenburg Board of Education, et al., respondents: amicus curiae brief of Governor Claude R. Kirk, Jr. 

2 15

James E. Swann, et al., petitioners, v. Charlotte-Mecklenburg Board of Education, et al., respondents: amicus curiae brief of the State of Florida 

2 15

James E. Swann, et al., petitioners, v. Charlotte-Mecklenburg Board of Education, et al., respondents: on writ of certiorari to the United States Court of Appeals for the Fourth Circuit: brief amicus curiae 

2 15

James E. Swann, et al., petitioners, v. Charlotte-Mecklenburg Board of Education, et al., respondents: on appeal from the United States Court of Appeals for the Fourth Circuit: brief amicus curiae on behalf of respondents 

2 15

James E. Swann, et al., petitioners and cross respondents, vs. Charlotte-Mecklenburg Board of Education, et al., respondents and cross petitioners: on writ of certiorari to the United States Court of Appeals for the Fourth Circuit: brief of amicus curiae 

2 15

James E. Swann, et al., petitioners, v. Charlotte-Mecklenburg Board of Education, et al., respondents: amicus curiae brief of Winston-Salem/Forsyth County Board of Education, in support of the respondents 

2 15

James E. Swann, et al., petitioners, v. Charlotte-Mecklenburg Board of Education, et al., respondents: on writ of certiorari to the United States Court of Appeals for the Fourth Circuit: brief for the Commonwealth of Virginia, amicus curiae 

2 15

James E. Swann, et al., petitioners, v. Charlotte-Mecklenburg Board of Education, et al., respondents: on writ of certiorari to the United States Court of Appeals for the Fourth Circuit: motion for leave to file brief amicus curiae and brief amicus curiae on behalf of Jackson Chamber of Commerce, Inc. and Jackson Urban League 

2 15

James E. Swann, et al., petitioners, v. Charlotte-Mecklenburg Board of Education, et al., respondents: certiorari to the United States Court of Appeals for the Fourth Circuit: amicus brief of the School Board of Manatee County, Florida 

2 15

James E. Swann, et al., petitioners, cross-respondents, v. Charlotte-Mecklenburg Board of Education, et al., respondents, cross-petitioners, and Birdie Mae Davis, et al., petitioners, v. Board of School Commissioners of Mobile County, et al.: on petitions for writs of certiorari to the United States Courts of Appeals for the Fourth and Fifth Circuits: brief for the United States as amicus curiae 

2 15

James E. Swann, et al., petitioners, v. Charlotte-Mecklenburg Board of Education, et al., respondents: on writ of certiorari to the United States Court of Appeals for the Fourth Circuit: motion for leave to file brief amicus curiae on the merits and brief amicus curiae for the National Education Association 

2 15

James E. Swann, et al., petitioners, v. Charlotte-Mecklenburg Board of Education, et al., respondents: certiorari to the United States Court of Appeals for the Fourth Circuit: amicus curiae brief of the School Board of Hillsborough County, Florida 

2 15

James E. Swann, et al., petitioners, v. Charlotte-Mecklenburg Board of Education, et al., and Charlotte-Mecklenburg Board of Education, et al., petitioners, v. James E. Swann, et al.: on writ of certiorari to the United States Court of Appeals for the Fourth Circuit: amicus curiae brief for the Classroom Teachers Association of the Charlotte-Mecklenburg School System, Incorporated 

2 15

Appeal from U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals: brief of respondents and cross-petitioners 

Box Folder

James E. Swann, et al., petitioners, v. Charlotte-Mecklenburg Board of Education, et al., respondents: brief of respondents 

Scope and Contents note

3 copies

2 16

Charlotte-Mecklenburg Board of Education, et al., cross petitioners, v. James E. Swann, et al., cross respondents: brief of cross petitioners 

2 17

Appeal from U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals: reply brief for petitioners and cross-respondents 

Box Folder

James E. Swann, et al., petitioners, v. Charlotte-Mecklenburg Board of Education, et al., respondents, and Charlotte-Mecklenburg Board of Education, et al., cross-petitioners, v. James E. Swann, et al., cross-respondents: on writ of certiorari to the United States Court of Appeals appeals for the Fourth Circuit: reply brief for petitioners and cross-respondents 

Scope and Contents note

2 copies

3 1

James E. Swann, et al., petitioners, cross-respondents, v. Charlotte-Mecklenburg Board of Education, et al., respondents, cross-petitioners, and Birdie Mae Davis, et al., petitioners, v. Board of School Commissioners of Mobile County, et al.: on petitions for writs of certiorari to the United States Courts of Appeals for the Fourth and Fifth Circuits : motion for leave to file and petitioners' reply to brief of the United States 

3 1

Appeal from U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals: petition for rehearing 

Box Folder

James E. Swann, et al., petitioners, v. Charlotte-Mecklenburg Board of Education, et al., respondents, and Charlotte-Mecklenburg Board of Education, et al., cross petitioners, v. James E. Swann, et al., cross respondents: petition for rehearing 

3 2

Charlotte-Mecklenburg Board of Education, et al., cross petitioners, v. James E. Swann, et al., cross respondents: on writ of certiorari to the United States Court of Appeals for the Fourth Circuit : appendix 

3 2

James E. Swann, et al., petitioners, vs. Charlotte-Mecklenburg Board of Education, et al.: on writ of certiorari to the United States Court of Appeals for the Fourth Circuit : appendix Volume I-pp. 1a-464a 

3 2

James E. Swann, et al., petitioners, vs. Charlotte-Mecklenburg Board of Education, et al.: on writ of certiorari to the United States Court of Appeals for the Fourth Circuit : appendix Volume II-pp. 465a-890a 

3 2

James E. Swann, et al., petitioners, vs. Charlotte-Mecklenburg Board of Education, et al.: on writ of certiorari to the United States Court of Appeals for the Fourth Circuit : appendix Volume III-pp. 891a-1320a 

3 2
Box Folder

Appeal from U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals: transcript of proceedings 1970 October 12 

3 3

Appeal from U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals: opinion of the U.S. Circuit Court 

Box Folder

James E. Swann, et al., appellees and cross-appellants, versus Charlotte-Mecklenburg Board of Education, et al., appellants and cross-appellees: appeals from the United States District Court for the Western District of North Carolina, at Charlotte, James B. McMillian, District Judge 

3 4
Box Folder

Appeal from U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals: correspondence and related docket entries 1970 June 5 - 1970 December 14 

3 5

Appeal from three-judge district court: brief of appellants (N.C. State Board of Education) and appendix 

Box Folder

North Carolina State Board of Education Dr. A. Craig Phillips, Superintendent of Public Instruction; Honorable Robert W. Scott, Governor of the State of North Carolina; Honorable A. C. Davis, Controller of the State Board of Education; Honorable William K. McLean, Judge of the Superior Court of Mecklenburg County, et al., appellants, v. James E. Swann, et al., appellees: appendix to brief in no. 498 

3 6

North Carolina State Board of Education; Dr. A. Craig Phillips, Superintendent of Public Instruction; Honorable Robert W. Scott, Governor of the State of North Carolina; Honorable A. C. Davis, Controller of the State Board of Education; Honorable William K. McLean, Judge of the Superior Court of Mecklenburg County, et al., appellants, v. James E. Swann, et al., appellees: appeal from the District Court of the United States for the Western District of North Carolina: statement to jurisdiction 

3 6

North Carolina State Board of Education; Dr. A. Craig Phillips, Superintendent of Public Instruction; Honorable Robert W. Scott, Governor of the State of North Carolina; Honorable A. C. Davis, Controller of the State Board of Education; Honorable William K. McLean, Judge of the Superior Court of Mecklenburg County, et al., appellants, v. James E. Swann, et al., appellees: on appeal from a decision of a three-judge court in the United States District Court for the Western District of North Carolina: brief of the Attorney General of North Carolina in behalf of the appellants 

3 6
Box Folder

Appeal from three-judge district court: appendix to to brief (of N.C. State Board of Education) 

3 7

Appeal from three-judge district court: brief of appellees (Swann), statement as to jurisdiction, motion to dismiss or affirm 

Box Folder

North Carolina State Board of Education, et al., appellants, v. James E. Swann, et al., appellees: on appeal from the United States District Court for the Western District of North Carolina: brief for appellees 

3 8

North Carolina State Board of Education, et al., appellants, v. James E. Swann, et al., appellees: on appeal from the United States District Court for the Western District of North Carolina: motion to affirm or dismiss 

3 8

Appeal from three-judge district court: brief for appellants (Mrs. Robert Lee Moore, et al.) 

Box Folder

Mrs. Robert Lee Moore, et al., appellants, v. Charlotte-Mecklenburg Board of Education, et al., appellees: on appeal from a decision of a three-judge court in the United States District Court for the Western District of North Carolina: appendix 

3 9

Mrs. Robert Lee Moore, et al., appellants, v. Charlotte-Mecklenburg Board of Education, et al., appellees: on appeal from a decision of a three-judge court in the United States District Court for the Western District of North Carolina: brief for the appellants 

3 9

Appeal from three-judge district court: brief for the appellees (Charlotte-Mecklenburg Board of Education) 

Box Folder

Mrs. Robert Lee Moore, et al., appellants, v. Charlotte-Mecklenburg Board of Education, et al., appellees: brief for the appellees 

3 10

Appeal from three-judge district court: amicus curiae, jurisdictional statement 

Box Folder

Mrs. Robert Lee Moore, et al, appellants, v. Charlotte-Mecklenburg Board of Education, et al, appellees: On appeal from a decision of a three-judge court in the United States District Court for the Western District of North Carolina: Jurisdictional statement 

3 11

Mrs. Robert Lee Moore, et al, appellants, v. Charlotte-Mecklenburg Board of Education, et al, and North Carolina State Board of Education, et al, appellants, v. James E. Swann, et al: On appeal from the United States District Court for the Western District of North Carolina: Memorandum for the United States as amicus curiae 

3 11
Box Folder

Appeal from three-judge district court: correspondence and related docket entries and notes 1970 January 15 - 1970 September 10 

3 12

Appeal from three-judge district court: correspondence and related docket entries and notes 1970 September 24 - 1970 October 15 

3 13

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 Series 4 Research material 1952, 1965-1970 

Scope and Contents note

This series contains material collected by Horack in his preparation for the defense of the Charlotte Mecklenburg Board of Education. Folders 3:14-4:6 (11 folders) consist of photocopies of articles and assorted printed briefs relating to other school integration cases, grouped according to the level of federal court in which decisions regarding these cases were made. Includes briefs (folder 11) for two of the satellite cases heard with Swann in the Supreme Court: Birdie Mae Davis, et al. v. Board of School Commissioners of Mobile County; and Charles McDaniel v. Joseph Baressi. Folders 4:7-8 contain assorted correspondence between Horack and his colleagues regarding collection and collation of information and commenting on various court actions; data on pupil placement plan and on school transportation costs, and assorted notes by Horack interpreting these statistics. Includes Congressional Record (2-10-70) containing Senator Sam Ervin Jr.'s comments on busing for racial integration; and Horack's analyses of McMillan's opinions (4-23-69 and 3-19-70); his notes (3-19-70) on the deposition of North Carolina Attorney General Robert Morgan; and an overview (2-25-70) of the major actions thus far in the Swann case.

Box Folder

Other school integration cases: U.S. District Courts 1960 August 27 - 1970 

3 14

Other school integration cases: U.S. District Courts 1960 December 30 - 1970 February 19 

3 15

Other school integration cases: U.S. District Courts 1970 February 24 - 1970 August 4 

3 16

Other school integration cases: U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals, Fourth Circuit 1952 December 16 - 1970 April 3 

3 17

Other school integration cases: U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals, Fourth Circuit 1970 April 23 - 1970 August 29 

3 18

Other school integration cases: U.S. Court of Appeals, Fifth Circuit (assorted printed briefs) 

Box Folder

Carlotta Mozelle Brewer and Demetria Yvonne Brewer, infants by Oner Brewer, their father and next friend, et al, v. The School Board of the City of Norfolk, Virginia, et al, and United States of America, v. the School Board of the City of Norfolk, Virginia, et al: Appeal from the United States District Court for the Eastern District of Virginia, at Norfolk: Brief for the appellees 

Scope and Contents note

2 copies

4 1

Carlotta Mozelle Brewer and Demetria Yvonne Brewer, infants by Oner Brewer, their father and next friend, et al, v. The School Board of the City of Norfolk, Virginia, et al, and United States of America, v. the School Board of the City of Norfolk, Virginia, et al: Appeal from the United States District Court for the Eastern District of Virginia, at Norfolk: Appendix on behalf of the appellees 

4 1
Box Folder

Other school integration cases: U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals, Fifth Circuit 1962 October 19 - 1970 February 17 

4 2

Other school integration cases: U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals, Fifth Circuit 1970 February 19 - 1970 April 17 

4 3

Other school integration cases: U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals, Eighth and Tenth Circuits 1967 January 23 - 1970 May 14 

4 4

Other school integration cases: U.S. Supreme Court 1954 May 17 - 1970 January 14 

4 5

Other school integration cases: U.S. Supreme Court (assorted printed briefs) 

Box Folder

Sweeny Independent School District, et al, v. Mildred Harkless, et al: Peition for a writ of certiorari to the United States Court of Appeals for the Fifth Circuit 

4 6

Birdie Mae Davis, et al, v. Board of School Commissioners of Mobile County, et al: On writ of certiorari to the United States Court of Appeals for the Fifth Circuit: Brief for the Board of School Commissioners of Mobile County 

4 6

Charles McDaniel, et al, v. Joseph Barresi, Jr., et al: On writ of certiorari to the Supreme Court of Georgia: Brief of the State of Georgia as amicus curiae 

4 6
Box Folder

Miscellaneous correspondence, memoranda, research notes, and data 1969 May 5 - 1970 March 23 

4 7

Miscellaneous correspondence, memoranda, research notes, and data 1970 March 24 - 1970 July 30 

4 8

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Clippings 1969-1970 

Scope and Contents note

This series contains copies of newspaper clippings about Swann and other related cases.

Box
4
Folder
9-10

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Data on proposed $8,000,000 bond 1970 July 29 - 1971 February 3 

Scope and Contents note

This series is comprised of correspondence and related information on the sale of school construction bonds possibly affected by the pending litigation of Swann. Includes letter (10-19-70) from Waggoner and Horack to bond counsel Mitchell, Petty, and Shetterly in New York giving an overview of the major court actions throughout the Swann case.

Box
4
Folder
11

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 Series 5 Publications 1918-1984 

Scope and Contents note

This series contains newspapers and magazines documenting major historical events

Box

Newspapers  

Scope and Contents note

Newspapers include:

The Durham Sun (1938 December 10), (1933 March 4) The Atlanta Journal (1941 December 8), (1941 Decmeber 10), (1941 December 11) Iowa City Daily Press (1918 November 11) The Atlanta Constitution (1941 December 9) Detroit Times (1944 June 6), (1945 August 10) The Detroit Free Press (1945 May 2), (1945 August 7), (1945 August 9), (1945 August 15), (1945 September 2) The Detroit News (1945 May 5), (1945 May 7), (1945 May 7), (1945 May 8), (1945 May 8), (1945 August 6), (1945 August 11), (1945 August 14)

5

Newspapers 1969, 1974 

Scope and Contents note

Newspapers include: Washington Star-News (1974 August 9) The New York Times (1969 July 20), (1969 July 20), (1969 July 20)

6

Magazines 1969-1984 

Scope and Contents note

Magazines include: U.S. News & World Report (1968 November 18) TIME (1969 January 3), (1982 February 1), (1984 July 23), (1990 November 17), (1991 September 2), (1976 July 4) Life (1969 January 10)

6

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