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U.S. National Weather Service, Charlotte Station Records

Filing title: 
U.S. National Weather Service, Charlotte Station, Records

Records of the U.S. National Weather Service, Charlotte Station
MS0059

Summary Information

Repository
J. Murrey Atkins Library Special Collections, UNC Charlotte
Creator
United States. National Weather Service. Charlotte Station (Charlotte, N.C.).
Title
U.S. National Weather Service, Charlotte Station, records
ID
MS0059
Date [bulk]
Bulk, 1873-1994
Date [inclusive]
1873-1996
Extent
26.0 Linear feet
Language
English
Abstract
Meteorological records maintained since the beginning of formal, U.S.-sponsored weather observations in Charlotte. Includes correspondence (1878-86); daily journals (1878-1904), which describe in detail the effects of the 1886 earthquake; and the Monthly Meteorological Record (1878-).

Preferred Citation note

U.S. National Weather Service, Charlotte Station Records. J. Murrey Atkins Library Special Collections, University of North Carolina at Charlotte.

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Biographical/Historical note

The U.S. National Weather Service station's headquarters were located in downtown Charlotte until approximately 1948, when a new office was opened at Douglas Municipal Airport (now Charlotte/Douglas International Airport). By 1950 observation records were being kept entirely at the airport office, and the downtown office eventually closed. In 1996, the airport office closed when the National Weather Service opened a regional office in Greer, S.C. at the Greenville-Spartanburg Airport. These records reflect the changes in meteorological record keeping practices. In the United States, standardized systems of meteorological observation and record keeping began in the Office of the Surgeon General in 1818 and were transferred to the Smithsonian Institution in 1847. These functions were taken over by the Office of the Chief Signal Officer of the War Department in 1870. The United States Weather Bureau was established as a separate department in 1890 and placed in the Department of Agriculture. In 1940, the Bureau was transferred to the Department of Commerce. Later, in 1965, the Bureau was consolidated with the Coast and Geodetic Survey to form the Environmental Science Services Administration, which was superseded by the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. [Officially, the agency is known as the U.S. Department of Commerce, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, National Weather Service.] [NOTE: For additional information, see Donald Robert Whitnah, A History of the United States Weather Bureau (Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 1961.]

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Scope and Contents note

This collection primarily consists of meteorological records kept by the Charlotte Station of the National Weather Service and its predecessor agencies. Additional material is comprised of correspondence and newspaper clippings.

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Arrangement note

The U.S. National Weather Service, Charlotte Station Records are divided into four series: 1. Daily Journals (1878-1904); 2. Correspondence (1878-1886); 3. Weather Data Records (1873-1994); 4. Clippings (1932-1954, 1996).

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Administrative Information

Publication Information

J. Murrey Atkins Library Special Collections, UNC Charlotte

9201 University City Blvd.
Charlotte, NC, 28223
704-687-1170
spec-coll@uncc.edu

Conditions Governing Access note

Collection is open for research.

Conditions Governing Use note

Some material may be copyrighted or restricted. It is the patron's obligation to determine and satisfy copyright or other case restrictions when publishing or otherwise distributing materials found in the collections.

Immediate Source of Acquisition note

Records received on an annual basis from the Charlotte Station of the U.S. National Weather Service, 1978-1997. Transfer from UNC Charlotte Library Government Documents Unit, 1989.

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Controlled Access Headings

Corporate Name(s)

  • United States. National Weather Service. Charlotte Station (Charlotte, N.C.).

Geographic Name(s)

  • Charlotte (N.C.)--Climate

Subject(s)

  • Meteorology--North Carolina--Charlotte--Charts, diagrams, etc.

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Collection Inventory

Daily journals 1878-1904 

Scope and Contents note

This series contains narrative accounts prepared by station observers of weather phenomena. Descriptions are often vivid accounts of weather and related occurrences, such as a sighting of the aurora borealis in 1882 (vol. 2:28) and the 1886 earthquake of Charleston, S.C.--tremors from which were felt in Mecklenburg County between August 28 and September 9 (vol. 3:49-57). The accounts are in script until 1895 and typed thereafter. All volumes include an index of phenomena. Volume 5 contains monthly narrative summaries.

Box

Daily journals--Volume 1 1878-1882 

1

Daily journals--Volumes 2-3 1878-1888 

2

Daily journals--Volumes 4-6 1889-1895 June 

3

Daily journals--Volumes 7-8 1895 July-1904  

unboxed

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Correspondence 1878-1886 

Scope and Contents note

This series contains registers recording dates, authors, and contents of the Station's correspondence, which is primarily technical in nature, reporting weather data and discussing repairs, staffing, and other operational matters. Includes two volumes of "letters received" (1878-86) and one volume of "letters sent" (1881-86).

Box

Correspondence--Letters received 1878-1886   2 volumes.

4

Correspondence--Letters sent 1881-1886   1 volume.

4

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Weather Data Records  

Scope and Contents note

This series contains the most extensive and diverse types of materials in the collection. The records are primarily charts and forms, on which are supplied both observational and summary data. Includes measurements of temperature, humidity, pressure, cloud cover, wind velocity and direction, and kinds and amount of precipitation. Represented are the different formats in which data has been reported and analyzed since 1873. Divided into six subseries: Register of Meteorological Observations; Weekly Meteorological Record; Monthly Meteorological Summary; Annual Meteorological Summary; Miscellany; Monthly Meteorological Record; and Climatological Record.

Register of Meteorological Observations 1873-1874 

Scope and Contents note

This subseries contains monthly charts of daily observations; sent to Smithsonian Institution and to State Geologist.

Weekly Meteorological Record 1878-1881 

Scope and Contents note

This subseries contains monthly charts of daily observations; sent to Smithsonian Institution and to State Geologist.

Volume

Weekly Meteorological Records 1878-1879 October 4 

1

Weekly Meteorological Records 1879 October 5-1881  

2

Weekly Meteorological Summary 1878-1904 

Scope and Contents note

This subseries contains comparison charts of meteorological activity for a particular month over a period of year.

Volume

Monthly Meteorological Summary 1878-1888 

1

Monthly Meteorological Summary  

2

Annual Meteorological Summary 1884-1904 

Scope and Contents note

This subseries contains comparison charts of monthly summations of meteorological activity within a year.

Volume
1

Miscellany 1878-1900 

Scope and Contents note

This subseries contains assorted data not included in other records during this period.

Volume

Miscellany 1978-1995 

1

Miscellany 1896-1900 

2

Monthly Meteorological Record 1878-1994 

Scope and Contents note

This subseries contains the current standardized method for recording and reporting weather data. Forms changed slightly over the years. Between 1878 and 1904, "Form 113A" was prevalent, recording data daily on monthly charts. After 1904, the Record included a daily record of weather activity per month (Form 1001), a summary of activity per month on yearly charts (Form 1002), a detailed analysis, or "daily local record" of weather conditions per day (Form 1014); and charts of surface weather observations per hour (Form 1130). Volumes also contained an index of weather phenomena. Before July, 1948, form 1130 was not bound with the other forms; therefore, surface weather observations before this time (for which there are assorted records from 1945 to June, 1948) are filed in box . After 1948, the prevalent form in the Monthly Meteorological Record became the hourly Surface Weather Observations, and these are bound into volumes. Use of other forms apparently ceased after this point. Many of the volumes, particularly in the 1940s and 1950s, include clippings describing weather phenomena.

Box

Monthly Meteorological Record 1878-1949 

Unboxed

Monthly Meteorological Record 1945 January-1948 June 

5

Monthly Meteorological Record 1948 July-1949  

6

Monthly Meteorological Record 1950-1951 April  

7

Monthly Meteorological Record 1949 

8

Monthly Meteorological Record 1950 

9

Monthly Meteorological Record 1951 

10

Monthly Meteorological Record 1952 

11

Monthly Meteorological Record 1953 

12

Monthly Meteorological Record 1954 

13

Monthly Meteorological Record 1955 

14

Monthly Meteorological Record 1956 

15

Monthly Meteorological Record 1957 

16

Monthly Meteorological Record 1958 

17

Monthly Meteorological Record 1959 

18

Monthly Meteorological Record 1960 

19

Monthly Meteorological Record 1961 

20

Monthly Meteorological Record 1962 

21

Monthly Meteorological Record 1963 

22

Monthly Meteorological Record 1964 

23

Monthly Meteorological Record 1965 

24

Monthly Meteorological Record 1966 

25

Monthly Meteorological Record 1967 

26

Monthly Meteorological Record 1968 

27

Monthly Meteorological Record 1969 

28

Monthly Meteorological Record 1970 

29

Monthly Meteorological Record 1971 

30

Monthly Meteorological Record 1972 

31

Monthly Meteorological Record 1973 

32

Monthly Meteorological Record 1974 

33

Monthly Meteorological Record 1975 

34

Monthly Meteorological Record  

35

Monthly Meteorological Record  

36

Monthly Meteorological Record 1978 

37

Monthly Meteorological Record 1979 

38

Monthly Meteorological Record 1980 

39

Monthly Meteorological Record  

40

Monthly Meteorological Record 1982 

41

Monthly Meteorological Record 1983 

42

Monthly Meteorological Record 1984 

43

Monthly Meteorological Record 1985 

44

Monthly Meteorological Record 1986 

45

Monthly Meteorological Record  

46

Monthly Meteorological Record 1988 January-1988 June  

47

Monthly Meteorological Record 1988 July-December 

48

Monthly Meteorological Record 1989 January-1989 July  

49

Monthly Meteorological Record 1989 August-1994  

unboxed

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Clippings 1932-1954, 1996 

Scope and Contents note

This series contains articles from local newspapers describing snow storms, tornados, violent rain storms, and severely cold temperatures.

Box
1
Folder
1

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