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Panama Canal Treaties Collection

Filing title: 
Panama Canal treaties Collection

Inventory of the Panama Canal treaties collection
MS0069

Summary Information

Repository
J. Murrey Atkins Library Special Collections, UNC Charlotte
Creator
J. Murrey Atkins Library. University Archives.
Title
Panama Canal treaties collection
ID
MS0069
Date [bulk]
Bulk, 1977-1978
Date [inclusive]
1973-1978
Extent
0.5 Linear feet
Language
English
Abstract
Material relating to the treaty terminating U.S. ownership of the Panama Canal. Contains letters, speeches, and position statements of U.S. Senators, including Jesse Helms and Robert Morgan of North Carolina. Also contains copies of the 1903 and 1977 treaties, U.S. government publications, pamphlets and articles by private interest groups, and Panamanian publications.

Preferred Citation note

Panama Canal Treaties Collection. J. Murrey Atkins Library Special Collections, University of North Carolina at Charlotte.

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Biographical/Historical note

The Panama Canal Treaties of 1977 were signed by President Jimmy Carter and Omar Torrijos of Panama on September 7, 1977 and ratified by the United States Senate on April 18, 1978. These treaties return ownership of the Canal to Panama on January 1, 2000. A 1903 treaty had permanently vested ownership to the Unied States.

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Scope and Contents note

Primarily letters, statements, and printed documents by U.S. Senators as concerns ratification of the Panama Canal Treaties of 1977. Also includes American and Panamanian publications, which include texts of the 1903 and 1977 treaties.

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Arrangement note

Divided into two series: 1. Position Statements (1977-1978), 2. Publications (1973-1978).

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Administrative Information

Publication Information

J. Murrey Atkins Library Special Collections, UNC Charlotte

9201 University City Blvd.
Charlotte, NC, 28223
704-687-1170
spec-coll@uncc.edu

Conditions Governing Access note

Collection is open for research.

Legal Status note

Copyright not held by UNC Charlotte Library.

Conditions Governing Use note

Some material may be copyrighted or restricted. It is the patron's obligation to determine and satisfy copyright or other case restrictions when publishing or otherwise distributing materials found in the collections.

Immediate Source of Acquisition note

Gift of Dr. Lyman Johnson, 1981; unknown origin, 1982.

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Controlled Access Headings

Geographic Name(s)

  • Canal Zone
  • Panama Canal (Panama)
  • Panama--Foreign relations--United States
  • United States--Foreign relations--Panama

Personal Name(s)

  • Helms, Jesse
  • Morgan, Robert, 1925-

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Collection Inventory

Series 1: POSITION STATEMENTS 1977-1978

Scope and Contents note

This series contains statements (letters, speeches, and printed documents), primarily by U.S. Senators, expressing support or opposition to ratification of treaties. Letters are addressed to Patrick N. Calhoun Jr. of Charlotte. Arranged alphabetically. [NOTE: See Congressional Record for complete compilation of U.S. Senate activities as concerns treaties.]

Box Folder

POSITION STATEMENTS--A-HA 1977-1978

Scope and Contents note

includes [U.S. Senators unless otherwise specified]: letter (4-18-78) of James Abourezk [D-S.D.] stating support; letter (4-11-78) and speech (3-9-78) of Howard H. Baker Jr. [R-Tenn. stating support; letter (4-10-78) and speech (3-16-78) of Dale Bumpers [D-Ark.] stating support; printed copy of President Jimmy Carter's statement (4-18-78) upon ratification; letter (5-1-78) of John H. Chafee [R-R.I.] stating support; letter (5-2-78) and news release (3-16-78) of E. J. "Jake" Garn [R-Utah] stating opposition; statement (1977) of Mike Gravel [D-Alaska] on the feasibility of constructing a sea-level canal; letter (4-13-78) and position paper (n.d.) of Gary Hart [D-Colo.] stating support; statements, articles, and critiques by and interviews of Orrin Hatch [R-Utah] stating opposition; and letter (4-26-78) of S. I. "Sam" Hayakawa [R-Calif.] stating support, with letter (text, 4-13-78) to Carter about his concern with foreign policy and defense decisions.

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POSITION STATEMENTS--HE-W 1977-1978

Scope and Contents note

includes: statements, articles, and speeches (1977-78) of Jesse Helms [R-N.C.] expressing opposition; letter (4-12-78) of Kaneaster Hodges Jr. [D-Ark.] stating support; letter (4-24-78) and speech (2-24-78) of J. Bennett Johnston [D-La.] stating opposition; speech (12-9-77) and article (1977) by Paul Laxalt [R-Nev.] stating opposition; statements (1978) by George McGovern [D-S.D.] expressing support; letter (5-22-78) of Warren Magnuson [D-Wash. (1978) stating support; form letter (4-10-78) and statement (n.d.) of Spark M. Matsunaga [D-Hawaii] stating support; letter (2-24-78) and speech (10-10-77) of Robert Morgan [D-N.C.] stating support; letter (4-26-78) and speech (3-14-78) of Richard S. "Dick" Schwieker [R-Pa.] stating opposition; letter (4-12-78) and speech (3-15-78) of Adlai E. Stevenson [D-Ill. stating support; letter (5-23-78) of Richard "Dick" Stone [D-Fla.] stating support, with letters (copies, 1-27, 1-31-78) to Stone from Carter and Secretary of State Cyrus Vance; letter (4-10-78) and speeches (1977-78) of Strom Thurmond [R-S.C.] stating opposition; and letter (4-13-78) and Senate speech (2-20-78) of Lowell P. Weicker Jr. [R-Conn.] stating support.

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Series 2: PUBLICATIONS 1973-1978

Scope and Contents note

This series contains American and Panamanian publications, including 1903 and 1977 Panama Canal Treaties.

Box Folder

AMERICAN GOVERNMENT 1977-1978

Scope and Contents note

Department of State documents, Senate reports, and White House memoranda. Includes texts of the 1903 and 1977 treaties.

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AMERICAN PUBLIC INTEREST GROUPS 1977-1978

Scope and Contents note

pamphlets and articles, primarily expressing opposition to ratification of treaties, published by the Foreign Policy Association, the Council for Inter American Security, the Conservative Caucus, the Institute of American Relations, the John Birch Society, and the Canal Zone Non Profit Public Information Corporation.

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PANAMANIAN 1973-1977

Scope and Contents note

includes Panama's Positions: From the Threshold to the Present (Asociacion Panamena de Relacions Internacionales, 1973); The Agreement on Principles Between the Republic of Panama and the United States of America (Embassy of the Republic of Panama, 1974); Tratado del Canal de Panama (1977 treaty; in Spanish); and pamphlets (1977; in English and Spanish) on voting procedures, with statements on canal.

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