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Julius L. Chambers Papers

Filing title: 
Chambers (Julius L.) Papers

Guide to the Julius L. Chambers Papers
MS0085

Summary Information

Repository
J. Murrey Atkins Library Special Collections, UNC Charlotte
Creator
Chambers, Julius L. (Julius LeVonne), 1936-2013
Title
Julius L. Chambers papers
ID
MS0085
Date [bulk]
Bulk, 1965-1975
Date [inclusive]
1902-1989
Extent
9.0 Linear feet
General Physical Description note
(ca. 16,200 items)
Language
English
Abstract
Files of a Charlotte attorney and his firm, Chambers, Stein, Ferguson, and Lanning, relating to their representation of Darius and Vera Swann and other plaintiffs in the landmark case, Swann v. Charlotte-Mecklenburg Board of Education, in which the U.S. Supreme Court ruled that federal courts were constitutionally authorized to exercise broad powers to oversee and produce solutions to achieve school integration, which could include using student quotas as a starting point, and developing new attendance zones and busing policies to achieve more racially balanced schools. Includes pleadings and other documents prepared by Chambers and attorneys for the Board of Education at the district, circuit, and Supreme Court levels; court rulings and opinions; correspondence; clippings; research materials; statistics; desegregation plans prepared by the board and court consultant John Finger; proposed attendance zone maps; transcripts of proceedings; and depositions, briefs, and notes.

Preferred Citation note

Julius L. Chambers Papers. J. Murrey Atkins Library Special Collections, University of North Carolina at Charlotte.

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Biographical/Historical note

Historical Note: The U.S. Supreme Court's 1954-1955 rulings on Brown v. Board of Education forbade perpetuation of "separate but equal" dual public educational systems and required their subsequent desegregation. Many states tried to circumvent Brown by passing placement laws that superficially desegregated schools while allowing local boards to maintain segregated systems. In North Carolina, the General Assembly passed the Pupil Placement Act (1955). In Charlotte, token integration occurred in 1957, when a few black students were assigned to three white schools. In 1962, the Charlotte-Mecklenburg Board of Education adopted a plan of nonracial geographic assignment. The plan granted students freedom of transfer from an area of black concentration and closed some all-black schools. With the passage of the Civil Rights Act of 1964, the Board faced a loss of federal funding unless the 1962 plan was revised to comply with federal anti-discrimination policy. As the Board began drawing up new plans, the class action suit,  James E. Swann v. Charlotte-Mecklenburg Board of Education, was brought against the Board in January 1965, charging that the Board maintained a segregated system.

The suit originated when Darius Swann, professor of theology at Johnson C. Smith University, requested that his son James be allowed to attend the predominantly white school near their home instead of the predominantly black school some distance away. When the Board denied his request, the NAACP Legal Defense and Educational Fund took his case and several similar ones to the courts as a class action suit through the services of Charlotte civil rights attorney Julius Chambers. The suit was brought before the U.S. District Court, where Judge J. Braxton Craven Jr. approved the Board's new plans for the 1965-1966 school year. The plaintiffs appealed the case to the Court of Appeals for the Fourth Circuit, where Judge Clement Haynsworth upheld the District Court's ruling. The plaintiffs reopened the case in September 1968, filing for further desegregation of the schools. Appointed to hear the case in the District Court was James B. McMillan Jr. Attorneys for the defendants were Brock Barkley, William J. Waggoner (see William J. Waggoner Papers), and Benjamin S. Horack (see Benjamin S. Horack Papers).

In April 1969, McMillan ruled that there still existed a dual system in which schools were racially identifiable; that discriminatory property laws, the "freedom of choice" clause, gerrymandering of district lines, and the "neighborhood school" theory were perpetrating segregated schools; and that achievement scores of blacks in black schools were unacceptably low. In June 1969, the Board submitted a plan that closed some black inner city schools and reassigned these pupils, along with other black students, to white schools. In August 1969, the court approved the implementation of this plan for the 1969-1970 year but ordered the Board to prepare by November a plan for desegregation according to balanced racial ratios. The Board's plan, submitted November 17, 1969, was not accepted by the Court because it continued to focus on freedom of choice and rezoning. In December, McMillan laid out specific guidelines for the preparation of plans that would desegregate the schools. Dr. John A. Finger, an educational consultant from Rhode Island College, was hired and instructed to prepare a plan that would reach, to the extent possible and using all available means, a 71:29 ratio of whites to blacks in all schools. The Board also prepared desegregation plans. Both Finger and the Board prepared separate plans for each level: high school, junior high, and elementary. Both sets of plans were submitted to the Court in February 1970. Finger's plan relied substantially on busing. McMillan subsequently rejected the Board's plans and ordered the implementation of Finger's plans.

Concurrently, as the central issue was in the courts, supplementary suits were also developing. In June 1969, the North Carolina General Assembly passed an anti-busing statute. When the Charlotte-Mecklenburg Board of Education was ordered in February 1970 to begin busing, the North Carolina Board of Education and several individuals, among them Mrs. Robert E. Moore and Tom B. Harris, sued the Charlotte-Mecklenburg Board of Education and William Self, superintendent of the Charlotte-Mecklenburg Schools. The cases, decided in Mecklenburg County Superior Court, enforced a temporary restraining order based on the use of public funds for busing in the desegregation plan and ruled such uses conflict with the anti-busing statute. The Swann plaintiffs moved to add these individuals and the state as additional parties defendant to prevent them from interfering with federal court mandates. In March 1970, McMillan ordered that a three-judge court convene to rule on the anti-busing statute. The three-judge court, presided over by circuit court judges J. Braxton Craven and John Butzner, and district judge McMillan, ruled the anti-busing statute unconstitutional. The North Carolina State Board of Education and the additional parties appealed the case to the Supreme Court. Meanwhile, the central Swann case was on appeal in the Fourth Circuit Court of Appeals. The case was heard en banc by Judges John D. Butzner, Clement E. Haynsworth, Simon E. Sobeloff, Harrison L. Winter, Albert V. Bryan, and Herbert S. Boreman. Judge Craven disqualified himself because he had ruled on the case when it was in the District Court in 1965.

On May 26, 1970, the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Fourth Circuit, approving most of the Finger plan dealing with the junior and senior high schools, rejected a part applying to elementary schools that provided for additional busing of several thousand elementary school children to achieve a racial balance in schools that would otherwise be predominantly black or white. (See memorandum, Legal Defense Fund staff to "Our Contributors," October 7, 1970, Series 2.) The basis for the judges' ruling was the opinion that every school does not need to be integrated under a unitary system, particularly when such integration would require extreme cross busing, and that the primary consideration to be applied in deciding local cases is the "test of reasonableness." The elementary plan was remanded back to the District Court for redrafting, and McMillan ordered that the U.S. Department of Health, Education, and Welfare (HEW) assist in the preparation of new elementary school plans.

When the case was appealed to the U.S. Supreme Court, the issue was whether school boards were required to use all available means to achieve integration. The Board of Education also filed a motion to stay the implementation of the Finger and HEW plans for the 1970-1971 school year. The Supreme Court agreed to hear the case in October 1970, but refused to stay the district court's order. Instead, on June 29, 1970, following hearings to modify the elementary plan, the Supreme Court mandated that the orders of the district court be reinstated for the 1970-1971 school year for all grade levels. As such, mass busing of students began that year. In April 1971, the Supreme Court ruled that the Finger Plan was a constitutional method for desegregating high school, junior high, and elementary level grades, thus upholding the District Court's original ruling of February 1970. The implications of the decision were that all available means must be used to desegregate the schools and that busing, as a means to achieve racial desegregation, is constitutional. Following the Supreme Court's decision, the district court was charged with ensuring that integration would continue to be implemented in Charlotte-Mecklenburg schools. The U.S. District Court, Western District of North Carolina oversaw this process until 1975, when the case was officially closed.

[For further information, consult: Davison M. Douglas, Reading, Writing & Race: the Desegregation of the Charlotte Schools (1995); Frye Gaillard,  The Dream Long Deferred (1988); Lino A. Graglia,  Disaster by Decree: The Supreme Court Decisions on Race and the Schools (1976); George R. Metcalf,  From Little Rock to Boston: The History of School Desegregation (1983); and Bernard Schwartz,  Swann's Way: The School Busing Case and the Supreme Court (1986).]

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Biographical/Historical note

Biographical Note: Julius LeVonne Chambers, African-American civil rights attorney, was born in Mount Gilead, North Carolina in 1935. As a schoolboy, Chambers was bused several miles past the nearby white school to attend a black school.

Chambers graduated from North Carolina College (now North Carolina Central University) in 1958 with a B.A. in History and was a Woodrow Wilson Fellow at the University of Michigan, where he earned a M.A. in History. He studied law as a John Hay Whitney Fellow at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. During his final year he served as the first black editor of the North Carolina Law Review. He was the first black student admitted to the Order of the Golden Fleece, UNC Chapel Hill's highest honorary society. He then earned his LL.M. from Columbia University Law School.

He worked a year as an intern for the NAACP Legal Defense and Education Fund in New York before establishing a solo law practice in Charlotte in 1964. In 1967, Chambers joined with Adam Stein to form the first biracial law firm in North Carolina. His firm represented many civil rights cases, including the Charlotte Three (see T. J. Reddy Papers) and the Wilmington Ten. Chambers was the victim of racial violence in 1965 when his car and home were bombed (including the homes of Reginald A. Hawkins, Fred D. Alexander, and Kelly M. Alexander, Sr.), and in February 1971, when his Charlotte law office was burned.

In 1968 Chambers was appointed by North Carolina Governor Dan Moore to serve as one of 25 to study possible changes in the state constitution. He was appointed to the first board of governors of the state university system. He has served as president of the Southern Regional Council and as national president of the NAACP Legal Defense and Educational Fund. He served on the steering committee for the 1972, 1976, and 1980 Democratic Party presidential campaigns. In 1992, Chambers was named chancellor of North Carolina Central University in Durham.

Chambers died August 2, 2013 at the age of 76.

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Scope and Contents note

These papers contain primarily materials relating to Swann v. Charlotte-Mecklenburg Board of Education as the case moved through the courts, including pleadings; court transcripts and depositions; briefs; clippings; research materials; handwritten notes; desegregation plans; maps; and correspondence. The collection provides a fairly comprehensive documentation of the plaintiffs' pleading of the case in the N.C. western district, circuit, and U.S. Supreme Court. There are also materials from the 1970s relating to the district court's involvement with Charlotte-Mecklenburg school integration following the  Swann v. Charlotte-Mecklenburg decision. Also included are correspondence between Chambers and his colleagues and members of the public, including those who supported or opposed his work on the case. There are also Charlotte-Mecklenburg school statistics from the late 1960s - early 1970s, which include information about student demographics, busing, courses offered, and school resources and budgets.

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Arrangement note

Arranged in nine series.

Series 1, Pleadings, 1964-1974 and undated

Series 2, Correspondence, 1964-1976

Series 3, Clippings, 1964-1989

Series 4, Transcripts, 1965-1974

Series 5, Briefs, 1965-1970 and undated

Series 6, Desegregation Plans, 1965-1970 and undated

Series 7, Research Material and Data, 1902-1975 and undated

Series 8, Maps, 1965-1971 and undated

Series 9, Handwritten Notes, 1965-1973

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Administrative Information

Publication Information

J. Murrey Atkins Library Special Collections, UNC Charlotte

9201 University City Blvd.
Charlotte, NC, 28223
704-687-1170
spec-coll@uncc.edu

Revision Description

 Finding aid updated by Rebecca Royals. Finding aid updated by Rita Johnston. July 1996; January 2015

Conditions Governing Access note

Collection is open for research.

Conditions Governing Use note

Some material may be copyrighted or restricted. It is the patron's obligation to determine and satisfy copyright or other case restrictions when publishing or otherwise distributing materials found in the collections.

Immediate Source of Acquisition note

Gift of Julius Chambers, 1982.

Available Online

Selected materials have been digitized and are available in the digital collection Julius L. Chambers Papers.

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Related Materials

Related Archival Materials note

Fred D. Alexander Papers (MSS0091). Kelly M. Alexander Papers (MSS0055). Reginald A. Hawkins Papers (MSS0125). Benjamin S. Horack Papers (MSS0042). Margaret W. Ray Papers (MSS0131). William J. Waggoner Papers (MSS0221). James B. McMillan Papers, UNC-Chapel Hill (SHC #4676). Davidson M. Douglas. Reading, Writing & Race: the Desegregation of the Charlotte Schools (Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1995). Frye Gaillard.  The Dream Long Deferred (Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1988).

Separated Materials note

Two publications, Keeping Southern Railway in Charlotte's future and Charlotte zoning ordinance : Chapter 23 of the Charlotte City code : adopted Jan. 29, 1962, amended through November, 1965, have been separated from the collection and relocated to the Atkins Library Local Documents collection on the 3rd floor.

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Controlled Access Headings

Corporate Name(s)

  • Charlotte-Mecklenburg Board of Education.

Geographic Name(s)

  • Charlotte (N.C.)--Race relations--History--20th century

Personal Name(s)

  • Chambers, Julius L. (Julius LeVonne), 1936-2013

Subject(s)

  • African Americans--Civil rights--North Carolina
  • African Americans--Education--North Carolina--Charlotte--History--20th century
  • African Americans--North Carolina
  • Busing for school integration--North Carolina--Charlotte
  • Discrimination in education--North Carolina--Charlotte
  • Education--Political aspects--North Carolina--Mecklenburg County

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Collection Inventory

 Series 1 Pleadings 1964-1974 and undated 

Scope and Contents note

This series presents a detailed documentation of the specific arguments, actions, and evidence brought forth before the court by plaintiffs and defendants as well as opinions, orders, and analyses of the Court. These pleadings consist primarily of documents submitted to the District Court, but also contain some submitted to the Circuit and Supreme Courts. Also included in this series are related letters of transmittal and some pleadings relating to the supplementary case in the North Carolina Superior Court relating to the North Carolina anti-busing statute; actions of the Board of Education, the plaintiffs, and the Court relating to the preparation of acceptable desegregation plans; and information related to alleged racial bias in application of discipline in the schools.

Divided into four subseries: U.S. District Court Proceedings, U.S. Circuit Court of Appeal Proceedings, U.S. Supreme Court Proceedings, and Post-Supreme Court Ruling Proceedings.

 Subseries 1 U.S. District Court proceedings 1964-1970 

Scope and Contents note

This subseries contains pleadings submitted while Swann v. Charlotte-Mecklenburg Board of Education was in the U.S. District Court, Western District of North Carolina.

Includes powers of attorney (1964-January 1965); opening of the case in U.S. District Court, including a petition to the Board of Education from "Concerned Citizens" protesting segregated schools and the original pleading filed with the Court (January 19, 1965) by the plaintiffs requesting further desegregation; memorandum of decision (July 14, 1965) by District Court Judge J. Braxton Craven Jr. approving the Board's 1965 desegregation plan; plaintiffs' appeal to the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Fourth Circuit, including opinion by Circuit Judge Clement F. Haynsworth Jr. (August 24, 1965) denying injunction requested by plaintiffs for 1965-66 school year; opinion (October 24, 1966) by Haynsworth upholding the District Court's ruling; case reopening in the District Court, including a copy of the plaintiff's motion for further relief (September 6, 1968); Judge James McMillan's order (April 23, 1969) requiring further desegregation of the schools; Board's plan (May 28, 1969) for desegregation of the schools and various amendments to the plan (July 29, August 4, and August 29, 1969); McMillan's order of August 15, 1969 mandating the Board to prepare other plans by making "full use of zoning, pairing, grouping, clustering, transportation, and other techniques" by November 17, 1969; Board's request (October 3, 1969) for an extension of the November, 1969 deadline, and McMillan's denial (October 10, 1969); McMillan's opinion and analysis (November 7, 1969) of Swann in light of the Supreme Court's decision on Alexander v. Holmes County Board of Education that schools should be desegregated immediately; and Board's plan and (speculatively) supplementary report (November 17, 1969) for desegregation of the schools; McMillan's opinion and order (December 1, 1969) on the Board's plan of November 17, 1969, outlining guidelines for the preparation of other desegregation plans by both the Board and educational consultant John Finger; and statement to the Court by Board of Education members Coleman Kerry and Julia W. Maulden urging the immediate disposition of the Court's decision.

Box
1
Folder
1-28
Box Folder

Powers of attorney 1964 

1 1

Complaint, interrogatories and answers to interrogatories, and other pleadings 1965 January-June 

Scope and Contents note

Includes a petition to the Board of Education from "Concerned Citizens" protesting segregated schools and the original pleading filed with the Court (January 19, 1965) by the plaintiffs requesting further desegregation.

1 2

Motion for injunction pending appeal, memorandum of decision, and other pleadings 1965 July-December 

Scope and Contents note

Includes memorandum of decision (July 14, 1965) by District Court Judge J. Braxton Craven Jr. approving the Board's 1965 desegregation plan; and plaintiffs' appeal to the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Fourth Circuit, including opinion by Circuit Judge Clement F. Haynsworth Jr. (August 24, 1965) denying injunction requested by plaintiffs for 1965-66 school year.

1 3

Interrogatories and other pleadings; and appeal, U.S. Court of Appeals for the Fourth Circuit 1966 

Scope and Contents note

Includes opinion (October 24, 1966) by Circuit Judge Clement F. Haynsworth Jr. upholding the District Court's ruling.

1 4

Pleadings, docket, and resume of John Finger 1967 

1 5

Motion for extension of time, interrogatories, and other pleadings 1968 

1 6

Answer to plaintiffs' interrogatory, number 1, part 1 1969 January 

1 7

Answer to plaintiffs' interrogatory, number 1, part 2 1969 January 

1 8

Answers to plaintiffs' interrogatories, numbers 2-14; and interrogatories 1969 January 

1 9

Interrogatories, answers to interrogatories, and plaintiffs' brief 1969 February- March 

1 10

Plaintiffs' proposed findings of facts and conclusions of law and other pleadings 1969 March 

1 11

Opinion and order regarding desegregation of schools of Charlotte and Mecklenburg County; and defendant's proposed findings of facts and conclusions of law and order 1969 April 

Scope and Contents note

Includes Judge James McMillan's order (April 23, 1969) requiring further desegregation of the schools.

1 12

Plan for desegregation of schools, and other motions and petitions 1969 May 

1 13

Plaintiffs' response to defendant's plan for desegregation of schools and motion for civil contempt; opinion and order; and other pleadings 1969 June 

1 14

Plaintiffs' brief, supplemental complaint, and other pleadings 1969 July 

1 15

Objections and response to defendants' amendment to plan for further desegregation, answer of the defendants to the supplemental complaint, and other pleadings 1969 August 

Scope and Contents note

Includes Judge James B. McMillan's order of August 15, 1969 mandating the Charlotte-Mecklenburg Board of Education to prepare other plans by making "full use of zoning, pairing, grouping, clustering, transportation, and other techniques" by November 17, 1969.

1 16

Orders, and defendants' response to motion for further relief 1969 September 

1 17

Defendants' report to the court and other pleadings 1969 October 

Scope and Contents note

Includes the Charlotte-Mecklenburg Board of Education's request (October 3, 1969) for an extension of the November 1969 deadline, and Judge James B. McMillan's denial (October 10, 1969).

1 18

Amendment to plan for further desegregation of schools, and other pleadings 1969 November 

Scope and Contents note

Includes Judge James B. McMillan's opinion and analysis (November 7, 1969) of Swann in light of the Supreme Court's decision on Alexander v. Holmes County Board of Education that schools should be desegregated immediately.

1 19

Opinion and order 1969 December 

Scope and Contents note

Includes Judge James B. McMillan's opinion and order (December 1, 1969) on the Board's plan of November 17, 1969, outlining guidelines for the preparation of other desegregation plans by both the Charlotte-Mecklenburg Board of Education and educational consultant John Finger; and statement to the Court by Board of Education members Coleman Kerry and Julia W. Maulden urging the immediate disposition of the Court's decision.

1 20

Miscellaneous pleadings, reports, and notes 1969-1970 

1 21

Motion for immediate desegregation of the public schools in Charlotte and Mecklenburg County, memorandum opinion, and other pleadings in Swann v. Charlotte-Mecklenburg Board of Education and related cases 1970 January 

Scope and Contents note

Includes supplementary suit ( Mrs. Robert E., Moore, et al. v. Charlotte-Mecklenburg Board of Education) in the North Carolina Superior Court (January 1970).

1 22

Pleadings in Swann v. Charlotte-Mecklenburg Board of Education and related cases 1970 February 2-19 

Scope and Contents note

Includes Judge James B. McMillan, Jr.’s order (February 5, 1970) requiring implementation of the Finger plan.

1 23

Pleadings in Swann v. Charlotte-Mecklenburg Board of Education and related cases 1970 February 20-25 

1 24

Proposed findings of fact, conclusions of law and order; and other pleadings in Swann v. Charlotte-Mecklenburg Board of Education and related cases 1970 February 26-28 

1 25

Docket and summary of court filings; and miscellaneous pleadings 1970 March 2-7 

1 26

Motion to vacate partial suspension of, and to reinstate an order of the U.S. District Court for the Western District of North Carolina ordering implementation of a school desegregation plan; and other pleadings 1970 March 9 

1 27

Brief in behalf of Robert W. Scott, Governor of North Carolina; State Board of Education..; and other pleadings 1970 March 10-11 

1 28

 Subseries 2 U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals proceedings 1970 

Scope and Contents note

This subseries contains pleadings submitted while Swann v. Charlotte-Mecklenburg Board of Education was in the U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals.

Includes supplementary suit ( Mrs. Robert E, Moore, et al. v. Charlotte-Mecklenburg Board of Education) in the North Carolina Superior Court (January-April 1970), including the ruling (April 29, 1970) in the three judge court that the North Carolina busing statute was unconstitutional [see also boxes 1:24-28, 2:1-12]; and McMillan's order (February 5, 1970) requiring implementation of the Finger plan; Board's appeal of the District Court's decision to the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Fourth Circuit; Circuit Court's decision (April 7, 1970) approving the District Court's order to implement the Finger plans for the junior and senior high schools, but ordering a new plan prepared for elementary schools; hearings (June 1970) by the District Court on HEW's plan for the elementary schools, including a resolution (June 29, 1970) by the Board of Education disapproving HEW's plans; appeal to the U.S. Supreme Court; material relating to the Supreme Court's order of June 29, 1970 reinstating the District Court's order of February 5, 1970, including McMillan's order (August 3, 1970) discussing the Circuit Court's "test of reasonableness" for the elementary schools and summarizing the case to date; hearings ordered by the Supreme Court (June 29, 1970) regarding implementation of plans ordered by McMillan's February 5, 1970 decision; material (August-October 1970) submitted to the Supreme Court; material on District Court's further direction of the revision and implementation of desegregation plans for school years 1971-72, 1972-73, and 1973-74 [see also boxes 3:26-27, 4:1-3], including information on the feeder plan adopted by the Court and the Board for the 1971-72 school year; and material relating to school construction and its impact on desegregation (March 1971).

Box
1
Folder
29-30
Box
2
Folder
1-9
Box Folder

Response in opposition to motion to vacate partial suspension of and to reinstate an order of the U.S. District Court for the Western District of North Carolina ordering implementation of a desegregation plan 1970 March 12 

1 29

Appendices A-J, in response in opposition to motion to vacate partial suspension of and to reinstate an order of the U.S. District Court for the Western District of North Carolina ordering implementation of a desegregation plan 1970 March 12 

1 30

Attendance area maps for junior and senior high schools, Charlotte-Mecklenburg Board of Education (respondents' appendices L and M) 1970 March 12 

2 1

Charlotte-Mecklenburg School Systems: a plan for student desegregation (respondents' appendix N) 1970 March 12 

2 2

Selected U.S. District Court and Court of Appeals pleadings, for review in preparation for three-judge court hearing of March 24, 1970 1970 March 12-20 

2 3

Selected U.S. District Court and Court of Appeals pleadings, for review in preparation for three-judge court hearing of March 24, 1970 1970 March 21-23 

2 4

Selected U.S. District Court and Court of Appeals pleadings, for review in preparation for three-judge court hearing of March 24, 1970 1970 March 24-31 

2 5

Miscellaneous research materials and pleadings 1970 March 

2 6

Index of record on appeal 1970 April 2 

2 7

Appendices and exhibits of record on appeal 1970 April 2 

2 8

Motion for leave to file brief, order of disqualification and memorandum of decision, and other pleading and correspondence 1970 April 3-30 

Scope and Contents note

Includes the Circuit Court of Appeals' decision (April 7, 1970) approving the District Court's order to implement the Finger plans for the junior and senior high schools, but ordering a new plan prepared for elementary schools; and the ruling (April 29, 1970) in the three judge court that the North Carolina busing statute was unconstitutional.

2 9

 Subseries 3 U.S. Supreme Court proceedings 1970-1971 

Scope and Contents note

This subseries contains pleadings submitted while Swann v. Charlotte-Mecklenburg Board of Education was being prepared for and heard in the Supreme Court.

Box
2
Folder
10-24
Box Folder

Notice of appeal to the Supreme Court of the United States 1970 May 

2 10

Appendices and correspondence 1970 June 

Scope and Contents note

Includes hearings (June 1970) by the District Court on the Department of Health, Education and Welfare's (HEW) plan for the elementary schools, including a resolution (June 29, 1970) by the Board of Education disapproving HEW's plans.

2 11

Notice of appeal to the Supreme Court of the United States, and other pleadings and correspondence 1970 July 2-21 

2 12

Plaintiffs' exhibits 1970 July 22-23 

2 13

Defendants' exhibits, no. 2-48 1970 July 22-23 

2 14

Defendants' exhibits, no. 49-72 1970 July 22-23 

2 15

Notes and preparatory materials 1970 July 27-29 

2 16

Draft of motion to affirm or dismiss, and other preparatory materials 1970 August 3-14 

Scope and Contents note

Includes Judge James B. McMillan, Jr.’s order (August 3, 1970) discussing the Circuit Court's "test of reasonableness" for the elementary schools and summarizing the case to date.

2 17

Memorandum of James E. Swann, et al., in opposition to motion for stay; and other pleadings 1970 August 15-31 

2 18

Brief of the Attorney General of North Carolina in behalf of the appellants, brief amicus curiae, and other pleadings 1970 September 2-18 

2 19

Miscellaneous pleadings and reports 1970 September 21 

2 20

New low-income housing map, Charlotte-Mecklenburg Schools 1970 September 21 

2 21

Charlotte-Mecklenburg Schools demographic reports, appendix to brief in no. 498, and other pleadings 1970 October 

2 22

Miscellaneous notes, pleadings, and reports 1970 November  

2 23

Miscellaneous notes, pleadings, and reports 1971 January- May 

Scope and Contents note

Includes material relating to school construction and its impact on desegregation (March 1971).

2 24

 Subseries 4 Post-Supreme Court ruling proceedings 1971-1974 

Scope and Contents note

This subseries contains court actions submitted after the U.S. Supreme Court ruled in Swann v. Charlotte-Mecklenburg Board of Education that the Finger Plan was a constitutional method for desegregation of senior high school, junior high, and elementary level grades. Following the Supreme Court's decision, the district court was charged with ensuring that adequate desegregation plans continued to be implemented in the Charlotte-Mecklenburg schools.

Box
3
Folder
1-13
Box
2
Folder
25
Box Folder

Pupil assignment plan, 1971-1972, and other pleadings and reports 1971 June 

2 25

Statistical report of the Charlotte-Mecklenburg Schools, and other pleadings and reports 1971 July- December 

3 1

Memorandum in support of plaintiffs' motions to tax counsel fees and litigation expenses as costs, and related pleadings 1972 January 1-7 

3 2

Statistical report of the Charlotte-Mecklenburg Schools, and other pleadings and reports 1972 January 8-31 

3 3

Statement of Messrs. T.M. Martin, Walter McDaniel and Arthur Lynch, representing black parents and children of Charlotte, North Carolina; and other pleadings and reports 1972 February-December 

3 4

Interim school reports, complaint in a satellite case related to Swann v. Charlotte Mecklenburg Board of Education, and other pleadings and reports 1973 February-March 

3 5

Motion to add additional parties-defendant, to merge or to consolidate proceedings and for a hearing on pending motions; and other pleadings 1973 April-May 

3 6

Motion for further relief, notice of appeal, responses to order of June 19, 1973; and other pleadings and reports 1973 June-July 

3 7

Report with respect to desegregation plan for school year 1973-1974, and other pleadings 1973 August-December 

3 8

Meeting minutes of the Charlotte-Mecklenburg Board of Education, motion to approve plan and to dismiss the case, with exhibits; and other pleadings 1974 January-March 

3 9

Report to the court, and other pleadings and reports 1974 April-May 

3 10

Citizens' Advisory Group exhibits no. 1-3, and plaintiffs' exhibits no. 4-6 circa 1974 April-May 

Separated Materials note

Undated pleadings

3 11

Defendants' exhibits no. 1, 5-6, 10-11 circa 1974 April-May 

3 12

Defendants' exhibits no. 12-19, 23-25, 29-34, 37 circa 1974 April-May 

3 13

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 Series 2 Correspondence 1964-1976 

Scope and Contents note

This series documents the work of Chambers and his colleagues, particularly of the Legal Defense Fund (LDF), in researching, planning, and conducting the pleading of Swann and provides insight into the issues as discussed in the planning stages. Subjects covered include discrimination in the Charlotte-Mecklenburg schools and elsewhere, affirmative action programs, student transportation and busing, use of federal monies in the school system, and other school desegregation cases, particularly those supported by the Legal Defense Fund. A portion of the correspondence consists of letters from the public, including hate mail and letters of praise, and of routine letters concerning the gathering and presenting of evidence in court.

Box
4
Folder
1-6
Box
3
Folder
14-25
Box Folder

 1964-1966 

Scope and Contents note

Includes letters (September 1964) documenting the efforts of Darius and Vera Swann to enroll James in Seversville School; letter (September 1, 1964) "to whom it may concern" from Scott Thrower, principal of Seversville School, explaining his denial of the Swann's request; Swann's letter (September 2, 1964) to the Charlotte-Mecklenburg Board of Education outlining reasons for seeking James's transferal; and letter (November 23, 1964) from Chambers to Kelly M. Alexander, Sr. discussing "factors to be considered in an action against the Charlotte-Mecklenburg Board of Education to facilitate desegregation."

3 14

 1968 

Scope and Contents note

Includes memorandum (June 27, 1968) to Chambers from Bob Valder, LDF regional director, giving "report of preliminary information" on the Charlotte-Mecklenburg Board of Education, discussing city ordinances pertaining to segregated facilities from 1887 to 1957; conversations with school board members, in particular, Coleman W. Kerry Jr., concerning pupil assignment policy; the discrepancy between use of federal monies in black and in white schools; discriminatory hiring practices in Charlotte-Mecklenburg schools; five year bond program estimates; and information on school district lines and problems of discrimination in the Charlotte-Mecklenburg system.

3 15

 1969 January-June 

Scope and Contents note

Includes letter (January 1, 1969) from an Oaklawn student opposed to busing; letter (March 21, 1969) from Coleman W. Kerry Jr. to the Charlotte-Mecklenburg Board of Education as "the only Black member," calling for an executive session to "develop our own plan of education that will benefit all of our citizens"; and a letter (June 13, 1969) from the office of the Department of Health, Education and Welfare (HEW) giving statistics on school desegregation for eleven southern states and nine northern cities.

3 16

 1969 July-December 

3 17

 1970 January-February 

Scope and Contents note

Includes letter (January 27, 1970) to Chambers from Harry Golden in which he volunteers to testify in the District Court hearings of February 2, 1970; and information (January 27, December 13, 1970) on the Emergency School Assistance Program (ESEA), under which federal monies were provided for aiding schools in economically disadvantaged areas [considered by the Charlotte-Mecklenburg Board of Education and the Court in determining school assignments].

3 18

 1970 March 

3 19

 1970 April 

Scope and Contents note

Includes letter (April 7, 1970) from Judge James B. McMillan Jr. to Mordecai Johnson discussing his decision of February 5, 1970.

3 20

 1970 May-July 

3 21

 1970 August 

3 22

 1970 September 

Scope and Contents note

Includes note (September 17, 1970) to Chambers from Jean Cook of the League of Women Voters discussing busing and giving a synopsis of legal cases precedent to and including Swann.

3 23

 1970 October 

Scope and Contents note

Includes memorandum (October 7, 1970) to "our contributors" from the NAACP Legal Defense Fund (LDF) describing Swann and other school desegregation cases supported by the LDF; memoranda (October 7, 1970) from Jean Fairfax to Jack Greenburg, both of the LDF, describing school desegregation in Birmingham and elsewhere for the 1970-1971 school year; and hate mail.

3 24

 1970 November-December 

3 25

 1970 

4 1

 1971 January-May  

Scope and Contents note

Includes correspondence from the public in support of or against the Swann v. Charlotte-Mecklenburg Board of Education Supreme Court decision (including hate mail); and letter (May 27, 1971) from Norman Chachkin to the attorneys with the Swann case discussing the interpretation of racially balanced schools by the Fifth Circuit Court of Appeals.

4 2

 1971 June-December 

Scope and Contents note

Includes material relating to discipline of black students in the schools and to disruptions in the schools, including letter (October 14, 1971) to Chambers describing problems with discrimination in the suspension and discipline of students in the Charlotte Mecklenburg system; anonymous "position paper" (1971) describing school disruptions during the 1970-1971 school year; and hate mail.

4 3

 1972 

Scope and Contents note

Includes letter (1972) from Robert Shirley to "concerned citizens" describing a legal and educational aid program for black students caught in confrontation with authorities; and letter (November 1, 1972) to William Marsh from Chambers' secretary transmitting an attached decision of the U.S. District Court in Given v. William Poe, et al., in which the defendant was required to set forth rules for nondiscriminatory school disciplinary proceedings.

4 4

 1973 

Scope and Contents note

Includes memorandum (March 20, 1973) to Bob Valder from Reginald Smith describing violence in the Charlotte-Mecklenburg schools in March 1973.

4 5

 1974-1976 

Scope and Contents note

Includes hate mail.

4 6

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 Series 3 Clippings 1964-1989 

Scope and Contents note

This series contains newspaper clippings primarily from The Charlotte News and  The Charlotte Observer that document Swann's passage through the courts. Also documented are the efforts of the Charlotte-Mecklenburg Board of Education to desegregate the schools in 1965 in compliance with the 1964 Civil Rights Act; public reaction to the desegregation plans and to the closing of some all-black schools; the initial filing of the Swann suit; and a related desegregation case in Richmond.

Box
4
Folder
7-14
Box Folder

 1964 

4 7

 1965 

4 8

 1965-1966 

4 9

 1967-1968 

4 10

 1969 April 

4 11

 1969 May 

4 12

 1969 June - December 

4 13

 1970-1972, 1989 

4 14

Return to Table of Contents »


 Series 4 Transcripts 1965-1974 

Scope and Contents note

This series contains transcripts (copies) of proceedings, depositions, and oral examinations prepared exclusively for or in the District Court. The depositions and oral examinations were taken out of court and are primarily interviews with School Board representatives and employees concerning the development, implementation, and review of desegregation plans.

Box
4
Folder
15-23
Box
6
Folder
1-3
Box
5
Folder
1-18
Box Folder

Deposition of Dr. A. Craig Phillips 1965 May 4 

4 15

Transcript of proceedings 1965 July 12 

4 16

Depositions 1969 January 27 

4 17
Box Folder

Deposition of Ann Hausmann 1969 January 27 

4 17

Deposition of Carroll O. York 1969 January 27 

4 17

Deposition of Dr. James Mikkelson 1969 January 27 

4 17

Deposition of Gertrude Coward 1969 January 27 

4 17

Deposition of Dr. W. Leslie Bobbitt 1969 January 27 

4 17

Deposition of J. B. Davis, Jr. 1969 January 27 

4 17

Deposition of John W. Harrison 1969 January 27 

4 17

Deposition of Ralph W. Eaton 1969 January 27 

4 17

Deposition of Henry L. Smith 1969 January 27 

4 17

Deposition of Herbert L. Puckett 1969 January 27 

4 17

Deposition of Dr. Robert C. Hanes 1969 January 27 

4 17

Deposition of John W. Phillips 1969 January 27 

4 17

Deposition of Joseph Frankford 1969 January 27 

4 17

Deposition of William L. Anderson 1969 January 27 

4 17

Depositions 1969 January 28-29 

4 18
Box Folder

Deposition of Mary Jane Kistler 1969 January 28 

4 18

Deposition of Dorothy Boone 1969 January 28 

4 18

Deposition of James Clark 1969 January 28 

4 18

Deposition of Dr. William C. Self 1969 January 28 

4 18

Deposition of William G. Poe 1969 January 29 

4 18

Transcript of proceedings, volume 1 1969 March 10 

4 19

Transcript of proceedings, volume 1 1969 June 16 

4 20

Transcript of proceedings, volume 2 1969 June 16 

4 21

Transcript of proceedings 1969 August 5 

4 22

Transcript of proceedings 1970 February 2, 5 

4 23

Oral examinations and deposition 1970 February 20-25 

5 1
Box Folder

Oral examination of Mr. D. J. Dark 1970 February 20 

5 1

Oral examination of Mr. R. D. McMillan, Jr. 1970 February 20 

5 1

Deposition of J. D. Morgan 1970 February 25 

5 1

Depositions 1970 February - March 

5 2
Box Folder

Deposition of William C. Self 1970 February 25 

5 2

Deposition of James H. Carson, Jr. 1970 March 11 

5 2

Depositions and transcript of proceedings 1970 March - July 

5 3
Box Folder

Deposition of J. D. Morgan 1970 March 11 

5 3

Transcript of proceedings 1970 March 16-17 

5 3

Deposition of Dr. Carlton G. Watkins 1970 July 8 

5 3

Depositions 1970 July 8 

5 4
Box Folder

Deposition of John P. Cross 1970 July 8 

5 4

Deposition of Henry L. Kemp 1970 July 8 

5 4

Depositions 1970 July 10 

5 5
Box Folder

Deposition of Dr. William C. Self 1970 July 10 

5 5

Deposition of J. D. Morgan 1970 July 10 

5 5

Deposition of William E. Poe 1970 July 10 

5 5

Transcript of proceedings, volume 1, part 1 1970 July 15 

5 6

Transcript of proceedings, volume 1, part 2 1970 July 15 

5 7

Transcript of proceedings, volume 2, part 1 1970 July 15 

5 8

Transcript of proceedings, volume 2, part 2 1970 July 15 

5 9

Transcript of proceedings, volume 3, part 1 1970 July 15 

5 10

Transcript of proceedings, volume 3, part 2 1970 July 15 

5 11

Transcript of proceedings 1973 May 8, 24; July 26 

5 12

Transcript of proceedings, volume 2 1973 May 8, 24; July 26 

5 13

Deposition of Elizabeth S. Randolph 1973 July 30 

5 14

Transcript of proceedings, volume 1 1974 April 16 

5 15

Transcript of proceedings, volume 2, part 1 1974 April 16 

5 16

Transcript of proceedings, volume 2, part 2 1974 April 16 

5 17

Transcript of proceedings, volume 3 1974 April 16 

5 18

Transcript of proceedings, volume 4, part 1 1974 April 16 

6 1

Transcript of proceedings, volume 4, part 2 1974 April 16 

6 2

Transcript of proceedings, volume 5 1974 April 16 

6 3

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 Series 5 Briefs 1965-1970 and undated 

Scope and Contents note

This series contains briefs submitted on appeal to the U.S. Court of Appeals and to the U.S. Supreme Court. Included are briefs amici curiae and briefs submitted to the Supreme Court for cases heard with Swann, including the supplementary suit involving the North Carolina anti-busing statute.

 Subseries 1 U.S. Court of Appeals, Fourth Circuit proceedings circa 1965-1970 

Box
6
Folder
4-15
Box Folder

Brief for appellants and brief for defendant appellee circa 1965-1966 

6 4
Box Folder

James E. Swann, et al., appellants, and the North Carolina Teachers Association, a corporation, intervenor, v. the Charlotte-Mecklenburg Board of Education, a public body corporate, appellee: appeal from the United States District Court for the Western District of North Carolina, Charlotte division: brief for appellants circa 1965-1966 

6 4

James E. Swann, et al., appellants, and the North Carolina Teachers Association, a corporation, intervenor, v. the Charlotte-Mecklenburg Board of Education, a public body corporate, appellee: appeal from the United States District Court for the Western District of North Carolina, Charlotte division: brief for defendant appellee circa 1965-1966 

6 4

James E. Swann, et al., appellants, v. the Charlotte-Mecklenburg Board of Education, a public body corporate, appellee: appeal from the United States District Court for the Western District of North Carolina, at Charlotte. J. Braxton Craven, Jr., District Judge: before Haynsworth, Chief Judge, and Sobeloff, Boreman, Bryan and J. Spencer Bell, Circuit Judges, sitting en banc circa 1966 

6 4

Brief of appellants and appendix circa 1969 

6 5
Box Folder

James E. Swann, et al., appellees, v. Charlotte-Mecklenburg Board of Education, et al., appellants: on appeal from United States District Court for the Western District of North Carolina: brief of appellants circa 1969 

6 5

James E. Swann, et al., appellees, v. Charlotte-Mecklenburg Board of Education, et al., appellants: on appeal from United States District Court for the Western District of North Carolina: appendix circa 1969 

6 5

Opinion, memorandum, and brief circa 1970 

6 6
Box Folder

James E. Swann, et al., appellees and cross-appellants, versus Charlotte-Mecklenburg Board of Education, et al., appellants and cross-appellees: appeals from the United States District Court for the Western District of North Carolina, at Charlotte, James B. McMillian, District Judge: before Haynsworth, Chief Judge, Sobeloff, Boreman, Bryan, Winter, and Butzner, Circuit Judges, sitting en banc circa 1970 

6 6

James E. Swann, et al., plaintiffs-appellees, v. Charlotte-Mecklenburg Board of Education, et al., defendants-appellants: on appeal from the United States District Court for the Western District of North Carolina: memorandum for the United States as amicus curiae circa 1970 

6 6

James E. Swann, et al., appellees and cross-appellants, v. Charlotte-Mecklenburg Board of Education, et al., appellants and cross-appellees: on appeal from the United States District Court for the Western District of North Carolina: brief of Swann, et al. appellees and cross-appellants circa 1970 

6 6

Briefs of appellants: appendix II (items 1 - 3) circa 1970 

6 7

Briefs of appellants: appendix II (item 4, part 1) circa 1970 

6 8

Briefs of appellants: appendix II (item 4, part 2) circa 1970 

6 9

Briefs of appellants: appendix II (items 5 - 12) circa 1970 

6 10

Briefs of appellants: appendix II (items 13 - 21) circa 1970 

6 11

Briefs of appellants: appendix II (items 22 - 26) circa 1970 

6 12

Briefs of appellants: appendix II (items 27 - 39) circa 1970 

6 13

Briefs of appellants: appendix II (items 40 - 44) circa 1970 

6 14

Briefs of appellants: appendix II (items 45 - 46) circa 1970 

6 15

 Subseries 2 U.S. Supreme Court proceedings 

Box
6
Folder
16-20
Box Folder

 circa 1970 

6 16
Box Folder

North Carolina State Board of Education; Dr. A. Craig Phillips, Superintendent of Public Instruction; Honorable Robert W. Scott, Governor of the State of North Carolina; Honorable A. C. Davis, Controller of the State Board of Education; Honorable William K. McLean, Judge of the Superior Court of Mecklenburg County, et al., appellants, v. James E. Swann, et al., appellees: on appeal from a decision of a three-judge court in the United States District Court for the Western District of North Carolina: brief of the Attorney General of North Carolina in behalf of the appellants circa 1970 

6 16

Charlotte-Mecklenburg Board of Education, et al., cross petitioners, v. James E. Swann, et al., cross respondents: brief of cross petitioners circa 1970 

6 16

North Carolina State Board of Education Dr. A. Craig Phillips, Superintendent of Public Instruction; Honorable Robert W. Scott, Governor of the State of North Carolina; Honorable A. C. Davis, Controller of the State Board of Education; Honorable William K. McLean, Judge of the Superior Court of Mecklenburg County, et al., appellants, v. James E. Swann, et al., appellees: appendix to brief in no. 498 circa 1970 

6 16

North Carolina State Board of Education, et al., appellants, v. James E. Swann, et al., appellees: on appeal from the United States District Court for the Western District of North Carolina: motion to affirm or dismiss circa 1970 

6 16

James E. Swann, et al., petitioners, v. Charlotte-Mecklenburg Board of Education, et al., respondents: on writ of certiorari to the United States Court of Appeals for the Fourth Circuit: brief for petitioners circa 1970 

6 16

 circa 1970 

6 17
Box Folder

James E. Swann, et al., petitioners, v. Charlotte-Mecklenburg Board of Education, et al., and Charlotte-Mecklenburg Board of Education, et al., petitioners, v. James E. Swann, et al.: on writ of certiorari to the United States Court of Appeals for the Fourth Circuit: amicus curiae brief for the Classroom Teachers Association of the Charlotte-Mecklenburg School System, Incorporated circa 1970 

6 17

James E. Swann, et al., petitioners, v. Charlotte-Mecklenburg Board of Education, et al., respondents: on writ of certiorari to the United States Court of Appeals for the Fourth Circuit: brief amicus curiae circa 1970 

6 17

James E. Swann, et al., petitioners, v. Charlotte-Mecklenburg Board of Education, et al., respondents: certiorari to the United States Court of Appeals for the Fourth Circuit: amicus brief of the School Board of Manatee County, Florida circa 1970 

6 17

James E. Swann, et al., petitioners, v. Charlotte-Mecklenburg Board of Education, et al., respondents, and Charlotte-Mecklenburg Board of Education, et al., cross petitioners, v. James E. Swann, et al., cross respondents: petition for rehearing circa 1970 

6 17

James E. Swann, et al., petitioners, v. Charlotte-Mecklenburg Board of Education, et al., respondents: on writ of certiorari to the United States Court of Appeals for the Fourth Circuit: brief for the Commonwealth of Virginia, amicus curiae circa 1970 

6 17

James E. Swann, et al., petitioners, v. Charlotte-Mecklenburg Board of Education, et al., respondents: amicus curiae brief of Winston-Salem/Forsyth County Board of Education, in support of the respondents circa 1970 

6 17

James E. Swann, et al., petitioners, v. Charlotte-Mecklenburg Board of Education, et al., respondents: on writ of certiorari to the United States Court of Appeals for the Fourth Circuit: motion for leave to file brief amicus curiae on the merits and brief amicus curiae for the National Education Association [photocopy] circa 1970 

6 17

 circa 1970 

6 18
Box Folder

James E. Swann, et al., petitioners, v. Charlotte-Mecklenburg Board of Education, et al., respondents, and Charlotte-Mecklenburg Board of Education, et al., cross-petitioners, v. James E. Swann, et al., cross-respondents: on writ of certiorari to the United States Court of Appeals appeals for the Fourth Circuit: reply brief for petitioners and cross-respondents circa 1970 

6 18

Mrs. Robert Lee Moore, et al., appellants, v. Charlotte-Mecklenburg Board of Education, et al., appellees: brief for the appellees circa 1970 

6 18

James E. Swann, et al., petitioners, cross-respondents, v. Charlotte-Mecklenburg Board of Education, et al., respondents, cross-petitioners, and Birdie Mae Davis, et al., petitioners, v. Board of School Commissioners of Mobile County, et al.: on petitions for writs of certiorari to the United States Courts of Appeals for the Fourth and Fifth Circuits : motion for leave to file and petitioners' reply to brief of the United States circa 1970 

6 18

James E. Swann, et al., petitioners, cross-respondents, v. Charlotte-Mecklenburg Board of Education, et al., respondents, cross-petitioners, and Birdie Mae Davis, et al., petitioners, v. Board of School Commissioners of Mobile County, et al.: on petitions for writs of certiorari to the United States Courts of Appeals for the Fourth and Fifth Circuits: brief for the United States as amicus curiae [photocopy] circa 1970 

6 18

Mrs. Robert Lee Moore, et al., appellants, v. Charlotte-Mecklenburg Board of Education, et al., appellees: on appeal from a decision of a three-judge court in the United States District Court for the Western District of North Carolina: jurisdictional statement [photocopy] circa 1970 

6 18

Mrs. Robert Lee Moore, et al., appellants, v. Charlotte-Mecklenburg Board of Education, et al., and North Carolina State Board of Education, et al., appellants, v. James E. Swann, et al.: on appeal from the United States District Court for the Western District of North Carolina: memorandum for the United States as amicus curiae [photocopy] circa 1970 

6 18

Miscellaneous exhibits and notes, part 1 circa 1970 

6 19

Miscellaneous exhibits and notes, part 2 circa 1970 

6 20

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 Series 6 Desegregation plans 1965-1970 and undated 

Scope and Contents note

This series consists of planning documents and reports developed to integrate the Charlotte-Mecklenburg schools.

Box
7
Folder
1-10
Box Folder

The Charlotte-Mecklenburg School System: analysis and recommendations 1969 

7 1

A tentative plan for the integration of the Charlotte-Mecklenburg Schools 1969 May 8 

7 2

Desegregation planning documents 1965 April- May 

7 3

A desegregation plan: Charlotte-Mecklenburg School System report of the consultant to the Federal District Court circa 1970 

7 4

Proposed plan for desegregation of Charlotte-Mecklenburg Schools circa 1970 

7 5

Charlotte-Mecklenburg Schools: a reanalysis of the preliminary plan circa 1970 

7 6

Desegregation planning drafts circa 1969-1970 

7 7

Amended plan for school desegregation 1969 July 22 

7 8

Department of Health, Education and Welfare (HEW) plan 1970 June 

7 9

Charlotte-Mecklenburg Board of Education minority report circa 1970 

7 10

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 Series 7 Research material and data 1902-1975 and undated 

Scope and Contents note

Divided into three subseries: Statistics, Publications and Near Print Material, and Miscellany.

Subseries 1, Statistics contains data about Charlotte-Mecklenburg schools from the late 1960s - early 1970s, including busing statistics and school reports on courses offered, resources, and budgets.

Subseries 2, Publications and Near-Print Material contains copies of articles and position papers relating primarily to desegregation of education, pupil assignment and transportation, discrimination, and housing. Also includes federal, state, and local government documents, such as the Code of the City of Charlotte (1902-1954) the Charlotte-Mecklenburg School System budget (1969-1970) and the North Carolina state budget. Arranged alphabetically.

Subseries 3, Miscellany contains a collection of government documents, reports, articles, and other documents relating to desegregation, pupil assignment and transportation, and the Charlotte-Mecklenburg school system. Arranged chronologically.

 Subseries 1 Statistics 1963-1975 

Box
8
Folder
1-20
Box
7
Folder
11-29
Box Folder

Bus statistics 1964-1969 

7 11

Miscellaneous statistics 1963 

7 12

Miscellaneous statistics 1970-1971 

7 13

Miscellaneous statistics 1972-1975 

7 14

Miscellaneous statistics Undated 

7 15

Miscellaneous statistics Undated 

7 16

Miscellaneous statistics Undated 

7 17

Principal's monthly bus report 1967 September 5 - October 4 

7 18

Principal's monthly bus report 1968 September 4 - October 1 

7 19

Principal's monthly bus report 1969 October 2 - November 25 

7 20

Principal's monthly bus report 1969 December 1 - 1970 February 10 

7 21

Principal's monthly bus report, part 1 1970 October 8 - November 4  

7 22

Principal's monthly bus report, part 2 1970 October 8 - November 4 

7 23

Principal's monthly bus report 1970 November 5 - December 4 

7 24

Principal's monthly bus report 1970 December 17 - 1971 January 13 

7 25

Principal's monthly bus report, part 1 1971 January 14 - February 12 

7 26

Principal's monthly bus report, part 2 1971 January 14 - February 12 

7 27

Principal's monthly bus report 1971 February 15 - March 12 

7 28

Principal's monthly bus report 1971 March 15 - April 15 

7 29

School preliminary reports, part 1 1968 September 23 

8 1

School preliminary reports, part 2 1968 September 23 

8 2

School preliminary reports, part 3 1968 September 23 

8 3

School preliminary reports, part 4 1968 September 23 

8 4

School preliminary reports, part 5 1968 September 23 

8 5

School preliminary reports, part 6 1968 September 23 

8 6

School preliminary reports, part 7 1968 September 23 

8 7

School preliminary reports, part 8 1968 September 23 

8 8

School preliminary reports, part 9 1968 September 23 

8 9

School preliminary reports, part 10 1968 September 23 

8 10

School preliminary reports, part 1 1970 October- November 

8 11

School preliminary reports, part 2 1970 October- November 

8 12

School preliminary reports, part 3 1970 October- November 

8 13

School preliminary reports, part 4 1970 November 

8 14

School preliminary reports, part 5 1970 November 

8 15

School preliminary reports, part 6 1970 November 

8 16

School preliminary reports, part 7 1970 November 

8 17

School preliminary reports, part 8 1970 November 

8 18

School preliminary reports, part 9 1970 November 

8 19

Annual pupil transportation reports 1964-1968 

8 20

 Subseries 2 Publications and near-print material 1902, 1931, 1946-1954, 1965-1975 

Box
9
Folder
1-7
Box Folder

Advance legislative service #8 - Code, City of Charlotte 1946-1954 

Scope and Contents note

Includes Advance Legislative Service Bulletin no. 8 (1969): 283-284;  Charlotte Mecklenburg Schools Directory 1968-69;  Charlotte Mecklenburg Schools Revised Budget 1969-70; and  The Code for the City of Charlotte (1902, 1931, 1946-1954).

9 1

Congressional record - Keeping Southern Railway in Charlotte's future 1956-1973 

Scope and Contents note

Includes Congressional Record (February 8, 1970): S 2652-S 2653; "Disciplinary Proceedings in the Public Schools," Laughlin McDonald (n.d.); "Elementary and Secondary Education," Robert E. Phay,  Popular Government (September 1969): 39-48;  Factual Analysis Five Year Bond Program Estimates, Charlotte Mecklenburg Schools, 1967-72 (January 16, 1967);  Federal Reporter, Second Series 254: 808-811;  Federal State Relations Newsletter 3, no. 2 (July 2, 1973); "General Assembly Adopts Pearsall Plan in Special Session," Philip Green,  Popular Government (1956): 4-5, 12;  Handbook for Use in Preparing Occupational Educational Programs, North Carolina Department of Public Instruction (n.d.); and  Keeping Southern Railway in Charlotte's Future, Southern Railway System (n.d.).

9 2

Mecklenburg County budget 1969 August 4 

9 3

NEA Research bulletin - Profile, North Carolina Counties 1966-1970 

Scope and Contents note

Includes NEA Research Bulletin 47, no. 3 (October 1969);  North Carolina Biennial Report for the Scholastic Years 1966-67 &1967-68 Part 1: Summary & Recommendations, Superintendent of Public Instruction (1966-68): 127-133;  North Carolina Public Schools 34, no. 5 (January 1970);  Supplemental Financial Report of the Charlotte-Mecklenburg Board Education: E.S.E.A. and Head Start, North Carolina Public School System (1968-68);  Financial Report of the Charlotte-Mecklenburg Board Education, North Carolina Public School System (1968-68);  The North Carolina Researcher 1, no. 3 (July 1970);  On the Matter of Busing A Staff Memorandum from the Center for Urban Education, Barbara R. Fogel (February 1970);  Policies on Elementary and Secondary School Compliance with Title VI of the Civil Rights Act of 1964, HEW (March 1968);  1980 Population Projections for North Carolina Counties, Josef H. Perry and Dr. C. Horace Hamilton;  The Primary Markets for Quality Merchandise, The New Yorker (1966); and  Profile, North Carolina Counties, Statistical Services Center Budget Division, Department of Administration (December 1968).

9 4

Pupil assignment study, Charlotte-Mecklenburg Schools - Report, Gov. Study Commission on N.C. School System 1967-1973 

Scope and Contents note

Includes Pupil Assignment Study, Charlotte-Mecklenburg Schools, Administrative Staff (March 6, 1973);  "Race and Place: A Legal History of the Neighborhood School" , Meyer Weinberger, HEW Office of Education (1967): 23-26;  Racial Isolation in the Public Schools, U.S. Commission on Civil Rights (March 1967); and  The Report of the Governor's Study Commission on the Public School System of North Carolina (n.d.): 208-210.

9 5

Scattered housing program - Summary of the state budget 1970-1975 

Scope and Contents note

Includes The Scattered Housing Program, Housing Authority of Charlotte (1975);  School Committee Report, League of Women Voters (January 1970);  Statement of the U.S. Commission on Civil Rights Concerning the 'Statement by the President on Elementary and Secondary School Desegregation (1970);  1967-1968 Statistics on Pupil Transportation, National Commission on Safety Education and National Education;  Summary of the State Budget for the 1969-71 Biennium, State of North Carolina; and  A True Alternative to Segregation A Proposal for Community School Districts, Congress of Racial Equality (February 1970).

9 6

A true alternative to segregation - Zoning ordinance 1970 

9 7

 Subseries 3 Miscellany 1954-1974 

Box
9
Folder
8-16
Box Folder

 1954-1967 

9 8

 1968-1969 

9 9

 1970 

9 10

 1964-1970 

Scope and Contents note

Includes Plan for compliance with Title VI, C.R. Act 1964, Charlotte-Mecklenburg Schools.

9 11

 1971 

9 12

 1972 

9 13

 1973 

9 14

 1974 

9 15

 circa 1965-1975 

9 16

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 Series 8 Maps 1965-1971 and undated 

Scope and Contents note

This series contains primarily attendance maps prepared by the Board of Education on March 11, 1965 (revised August 15, 1969) and on January 30, 1970 to accompany their desegregation plans. Also contains Finger plan map adjusted for feeder plan (June 24, 1971); and maps of Charlotte and Mecklenburg County.

Map-case Drawer Folder

Charlotte, N.C., and surrounding area circa 1965-1970 

1 10 1

Mecklenburg County, North Carolina circa 1965-1970 

Scope and Contents note

Two maps

1 10 1

Item no. 3, Finger elementary plan, paired schools: September 1, 1970, Charlotte-Mecklenburg School System 1971 June 26 

1 10 1

Map #1, Attendance areas for elementary schools, Charlotte-Mecklenburg Board of Education 1970 January 31 

Physical characteristics

One map in three parts.

1 10 2a

Map #1, Attendance areas for elementary schools, Charlotte-Mecklenburg Board of Education 1965 March 11 

1 10 2b

Map #1, Attendance areas for elementary schools, Charlotte-Mecklenburg Board of Education circa 1965-1970 

Physical characteristics

One map in three parts.

1 10 2c

Map #2, Attendance areas for junior high schools, Charlotte-Mecklenburg Board of Education 1965 March 11 

1 10 3a

Map #2, Attendance areas for junior high schools, Charlotte-Mecklenburg Board of Education 1970 January 31 

1 10 3b

Map #2, Attendance areas for junior high schools, Charlotte-Mecklenburg Board of Education circa 1965-1970 

Physical characteristics

One map in three parts.

1 10 3c

Map #3, Attendance areas for senior high schools, Charlotte-Mecklenburg Board of Education 1970 January 31 

Physical characteristics

One map in three parts.

Map-case
1
Drawer
10
Folder
4a

Map #3, Attendance areas for senior high schools, Charlotte-Mecklenburg Board of Education circa 1965-1970 

1 10 4b

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 Series 9 Handwritten notes 1965-1973 

Scope and Contents note

This series is comprised of notes taken by Chambers or others working on the Swann case. Some notes were probably taken in the courtroom.

Box
9
Folder
17-22
Box Folder

 1965-1968 

9 17

 1969 

9 18

 1970 

9 19

 1970 

9 20

 1971 

9 21

 1973 

9 22

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