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H. H. Baxter Papers

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Baxter (H. H.) Papers

H. H. Baxter papers
MS0086

Summary Information

Repository
J. Murrey Atkins Library Special Collections, UNC Charlotte
Creator
Baxter, H. H., (Herbert Hill), 1894-1967
Title
H. H. Baxter papers
ID
MS0086
Date [bulk]
Bulk, 1935-1959
Date [inclusive]
1917-1982
Extent
1.0 Linear foot
General Physical Description note
copies of originals: 750 items, including 32 photographs
Location note
Boston (Mass.); Charlotte (N.C.)
Language
English
Abstract
Photocopies of scrapbooks kept by Baxter, Charlotte mayor (1943-49) and city council member (1935-41, 1951-59). Includes correspondence, clippings, speeches, and other material relating primarily to his political and civic activities.

Preferred Citation note

H. H. Baxter Papers. J. Murrey Atkins Library Special Collections, University of North Carolina at Charlotte.

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Biographical/Historical note

Herbert Hill Baxter was born in Boston on May 31, 1894 to Lucy Hill and Frank Herbert Baxter. He was graduated from the University of Massachusetts at Amherst in 1918. During World War I, he served in the U.S. Army, Infantry Division, and was commissioned as a second lieutenant. His training was conducted partially at Camp Greene in Charlotte. After his discharge from the Army, Baxter entered the lumber business in Charleston, S.C. In 1922 he moved to Charlotte, where, in 1925, he organized Central Lumber Company, of which he was president until the company closed in 1958. Baxter entered local politics in 1935 when he was elected to the Charlotte City Council, on which he served until 1941 and again from 1951 to 1959. In 1943, Baxter defeated E. McArthur Currie to become mayor. He was reelected in 1945 and 1947. He was defeated in 1949 by Victor Shaw. He ran for city council in 1965 but was defeated. Baxter continued to work with city government after his service on the city council, primarily as vice chair the Charlotte Redevelopment Commission. As mayor, Baxter established a planning board and pressed for careful but progressive city growth. After World War II, he launched the sale of bonds to finance a $12,000,000 "Program for Progress." During his administration, the city acquired Morris Field from US Air Force for airport expansion; developed and adopted health, housing, and zoning ordinances; expanded city boundaries; liberalized Sunday blue laws; created ABC legislation; authorized construction of a cross town highway; established a veteran's center and a city employee retirement system employees; and created new city departments, including Traffic Engineering. Baxter promoted funding for an auditorium and coliseum, as well as consolidation of city county governments. [See box 4:11 for a complete list of accomplishments.] Baxter was also active in many community organizations. He was 32nd degree Mason and belonged to the Lion's Club. His memberships included Myers Park Country Club, where he served as president (1953-58). He helped found the Charlotte City Club (1947) and served as its president (1948-49). Baxter worked with the Charlotte Mecklenburg Boy Scouts and the Charlotte Mecklenburg Merchants' Association. He served as president of the Charlotte Symphony Orchestra and as commander of the Civil Air Patrol's North Carolina Wing (1950-53). Baxter was married to Virginia Littlejohn of Spartanburg, S.C. They had three daughters. He died in 1967.

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Scope and Contents note

This collection documents H. H. Baxter's civic and community activities primarily from the 1940s through the 1960s and include some personal memorabilia. Comprised of photocopies of several scrapbooks compiled by Baxter primarily relating to his civic and community activities and, to a limited extent, to his private activities and interests. This collection does not represent his complete mayoral, council, or personal files.

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Arrangement note

Organized into five series: I. Correspondence, 1917-1967. II. Clippings, 1917-1967, 1982. III. Speeches, 1943-1954. IV. Memorabilia, 1917- 1967. V. Photographs, undated. Series I-III|barranged chronologically. Series IV. arranged by subject.

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Administrative Information

Publication Information

J. Murrey Atkins Library Special Collections, UNC Charlotte

9201 University City Blvd.
Charlotte, NC, 28223
704-687-1170
spec-coll@uncc.edu

Conditions Governing Access note

Collection is open for research.

Conditions Governing Use note

Some material may be copyrighted or restricted. It is the patron's obligation to determine and satisfy copyright or other case restrictions when publishing or otherwise distributing materials found in the collections.

Immediate Source of Acquisition note

Gift of Virginia Baxter and Elizabeth Hayes, 1983

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Controlled Access Headings

Corporate Name(s)

  • Charlotte (N.C.). City Council.

Geographic Name(s)

  • Charlotte (N.C.)--Politics and government

Personal Name(s)

  • Baxter, H. H., (Herbert Hill), 1894-1967

Subject(s)

  • Mayors--North Carolina--Charlotte

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Collection Inventory

Series 1: CORRESPONDENCE 1917-1967

Scope and Contents note

This series is comprised primarily of routine letters to and from friends and associates relating to city business or to his civic activities. Contains some personal correspondence. (1917-67, n.d.): includes letter (4/16/48) to J. B. Marshall discussing the "Iron Dukes'" platform; letter (1/24/46) to Roy Palmer (Chamber of Commerce) concerning the acquisition of Morris Field for airport expansion; letter (4/20/48) to James G. Huggin (minister, Myers Park Methodist Church) criticizing the refusal of the Charlotte Ministerial Association to accept the new Unitarian minister, and a response (5/6/48) from Robert L. Crandall (rector, St. Peter's Episcopal Church) about the Unitarian "heresy"; letter (6/18/48) stating Baxter's support for gubernatorial candidate Charles M. Johnson; letter (8/15/58) to Charlotte police chief Frank N. Littlejohn (8/15/58) criticizing the City Council for its dismissal of Littlejohn, and Littlejohn's response (9/5/58); letter (3/10/58) from William McIntyre stating accomplishments of the Planning Commission; letter (4/3/52) from Charlotte College president Bonnie Cone thanking Baxter for securing funds for English classes for foreign students; letter from Charlotte architect A. G. Odell Jr. (11/6/53) in support of the establishment of a professional municipal planning staff; and a letter (8/31/49) from Elmer Garinger (superintendent, Charlotte City Schools) concerning low-income housing projects.

Box
1
Folder
1-3

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Series 2: CLIPPINGS 1917, 1935, 1941-1967, 1982, undated

Scope and Contents note

This series contains newspaper clippings, primarily from The Charlotte News and The Charlotte Observer, concerning Baxter's public career and his community related activities [NOTE: many of the photocopies are from a scrapbook and clippings of different years may be grouped together.]

Box
1
Folder
4-11

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Series 3: SPEECHES 1943-1954

Scope and Contents note

This series contains speeches given by Baxter during his city council and mayoral campaigns, to the public as an elected official, and to civic groups and other organizations. Topics include slum clearance, "state of the city," Democratic Party, plans for city growth and development, and housing.

Box
1
Folder
12-13

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Series 4: MEMORABILIA 1917-1967

Scope and Contents note

This series contains a diverse collection of memorabilia relating to Baxter's public career and his personal and community interests. Material was saved randomly by Baxter throughout his scrapbooks but has been organized under subject headings by the processor.

ALCOHOLIC BEVERAGES CONTROL LAW 1947

Scope and Contents note

Political advertisements supporting alcoholic beverage sales in Charlotte, which were approved by referendum in 1947.

Box
1
Folder
14

AMERICANA 1940s-1950s

Scope and Contents note

Printed materials on presidents, the flag, and other patriotic themes.

Box
1
Folder
15

ANNEXATION 1957

Scope and Contents note

Political advertisements and statements by Baxter in support of the 1957 expansion of the city limits.

Box
1
Folder
16

AUDITORIUM COLISEUM 1947-1955

Scope and Contents note

Material relating to the unsuccessful 1947 bond referendum for an auditorium and coliseum. Includes Baxter summary about later public support for the project and magazine articles on the complex.

Box
1
Folder
17

BOY SCOUTS OF AMERICA 1944, 1952, undated

Scope and Contents note

Includes a list of winners of the Silver Beaver Awards in Charlotte (1931-52) and the address (5/17/44) of Eddie Rickenbacker at the 34th Annual Meeting of the National Council, "Am I My Brother's Keeper?", with a forward by Elbert K. Fretwell (father of UNC Charlotte Chancellor Emeritus E. K. Fretwell Jr).

Box
1
Folder
18

CAMPAIGN MATERIALS H. H. BAXTER 1947-67, undated

Box
1
Folder
19

CAMPAIGN MATERIALS OTHER undated

Scope and Contents note

Advertisements for Independent Voters' Association candidate and John S. LeGette.

Box
1
Folder
20

CENTRAL LUMBER COMPANY BROCHURE undated

Box
1
Folder
21

CHARLOTTE CHAMBER OF COMMERCE 1945, 1959, undated

Scope and Contents note

Includes the 1945 membership directory and Paul Yount's statement concerning the Chamber's proposed 1959 program

Box
1
Folder
22

CHARLOTTE CITY CLUB BYLAWS 1948, 1954, undated

Box
1
Folder
23

CITY ADMINISTRATION ACCOMPLISHMENTS AND PLANS 1935-59, 1965

Scope and Contents note

Includes lists of council and mayoral candidates and votes received (1935-59) and council minutes.

Box
1
Folder
24

CIVIL AIR PATROL (1950s)

Box
1
Folder
25

DEMOCRATIC PARTY 1961, undated

Scope and Contents note

Includes pamphlet, "The Democratic Party Its Purpose and Meaning" (Raleigh: North Carolina Democratic Executive Committee, 1961), with contributions by Sam Ragan, R. Mayne Albright, Oscar R. Ewing, Thad Stem Jr., John W. Morres, Ernest Messer, Elisabeth Hair, Walter Davenport, and Doris Betts; and an address by Frank C. Walker in Raleigh, N.C. (n.d.) on the Democratic Party.

Box
1
Folder
26

FUNERAL SERVICE--H. H. BAXTER (10/27/67)

Box
1
Folder
27

JAYCEES 1949

Box
1
Folder
28

KNIGHTS OF THE CAROUSEL 1952

Box
1
Folder
29

LION'S CLUB, CHARLOTTE CENTRAL 1929-1961

Scope and Contents note

Includes lists of presidents

Box
1
Folder
30

MASONS/SHRINERS 1916-42, undated

Scope and Contents note

Includes prospectus for Shrine Bowl

Box
1
Folder
31

MEMORABILIA 1932-55, undated

Scope and Contents note

Assorted personal memorabilia, including favorite poems, sayings, and humorous items. Also contains bulletin from Myers Park Methodist Church; list of bureaus created under the Roosevelt Administration; a report by the Home Builders Association of Charlotte (6/1/55) including statistics on public housing in Charlotte; and a reprint of an article from Women's Day (6/1938) by J. Edgar Hoover, "If I Had a Son."

Box
1
Folder
32

MYERS PARK COUNTRY CLUB 1944, 1947-48

Scope and Contents note

Copies of the Myers Park Clubber (3/1944; 3/1948) and reports of the Finance Committee and President (1947).

Box
1
Folder
33

OATHS OF OFFICE 1935-1951

Box
1
Folder
34

OFFICERS' CLUB, MORRIS FIELD undated

Box
1
Folder
35

UNITED STATES ARMY 1917-1919

Scope and Contents note

Material documenting Baxter's service, including orders (6/13/18) transferring Baxter from Camp Lee, Va., to Camp Jackson, S.C.; enlistment records (9/22/17, 6/1/18); certificates of discharge (5/31, 12/6/18); and certificates of promotion (11/12/17, 6/1/18)

Box
1
Folder
36

VETERANS' INFORMATION CENTER undated

Box
1
Folder
37

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Series 5: PHOTOGRAPHS--PRINTS 1940-1959

Scope and Contents note

This series contains 32 black and white photographs, primarily of Baxter and others in the context of his civic responsbilities. Includes thirty-two prints (P86/1-32), including one (P86/1) of boys in military regalia (ca. 1917 or 1918?), probably in Massachusetts; J. B. Ivey (P86/9, on right); Charlotte police chief Frank Littlejohn (P86/27, 29 30 [P86/27, center; P87/29, 3rd from right; P86/30, seated left]; and of a Central Lumber Company display (P86/23).

box:folder Photographs-Prints

Boys in military regalia [probably Massachusetts] (circa 1917-18?)

Scope and Contents note

[NST4/27-28]

P5:4 P86/1

Various shots of Baxter, including portraits undated, 1947?

box:folder
P5:4
Photographs-Prints
P86/2-8

Baxter [middle] and J. B. Ivey [right]

Scope and Contents note

[NST6/3-4]

P5:4 P86/9

Various shots of Baxter, including portraits undated, 1947?

box:folder
P5:4
Photographs-Prints
P86/10-15

Baxter [right] and Victor Shaw [2nd right] at Morris Field, Charlotte undated

P5:4 P86/16

Various shots of Baxter, including portraits undated, 1947?

Box
P5:4
Photographs-Prints
P86/17-22
box:folder Photographs-Prints

Central Lumber Company display, Charlotte undated

Scope and Contents note

[NST15/25-26]

P5:4 P86/23

Various shots of Baxter undated

box:folder
P5:4
Photographs-Prints
P86/24-26

Various shots including Frank N. Littlejohn, Charlotte Police Chief undated

box:folder
P5:4
Photographs-Prints
P86/27-30

Victor Shaw [autographed] 1949

Scope and Contents note

[NST14/35-36]

P5:4 P86/31

Autographed picture addressed to Mr. and Mrs. Baxter [signature is not legible] undated

Scope and Contents note

[NST6/1-2]

P5:4 P86/32

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