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Emma Echols Papers

Filing title: 
Echols (Emma) Papers

Inventory to the Emma Echols papers

Summary Information

J. Murrey Atkins Library Special Collections, UNC Charlotte
Echols, Emma Reid, 1903-2002
Emma Echols papers
Date [inclusive]
1.0 Linear foot circa 356 items in two archives boxes
Primarily photocopies and transcripts of the antebellum and Civil War papers of William Leonidas Faulkner, who served in Company I, 17th South Carolina Volunteers and died in a Union prison camp. Also includes papers and genealogical information about related families and stories by Echols.

Preferred Citation note

Emma Echols Papers. J. Murrey Atkins Library Special Collections, University of North Carolina at Charlotte.

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Biographical/Historical note

Born in Lancaster County, S.C., on February 20, 1825, William Leonidas Faulkner served in the 17th South Carolina Volunteers, Company I, during the Civil War. At the Battle of the Crater in Petersburg, Va., July 30, 1864, Union forces captured Faulkner. He later died a prisoner in Elmira, N.Y., of typhoid fever in September, 1864. Faulkner first married Elizabeth Rebecca Baker (d. 1854), who died five months after the birth of their daughter, Martha Lucinda "Lucy" Faulkner. He then married Elizabeth Isabella “Isabel” Craig (1831-1910) in 1858. They had a son, Samuel Davis Faulkner, born May 1, 1861. Following her husband's death in the war, Isabel Faulkner married Samuel Calvin Reid (1822-1898) and moved to Mecklenburg County, N.C. They had two sons, including John Calvin Reid (1869-1952), the father of Emma Reid Echols (b. 1903). [Echols is the granddaughter of Isabel Faulkner Reid]. For additional family information, see the memoir by Eloise Reid Orr, "Better Then? Or Now? A Daughter Remembers" (Lima, Ohio: Express Press, 2000) F264 C453O77 2000.

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Scope and Contents note

This collection contains correspondence and other material by and about William Leonidas Faulkner and his descendants. It also includes writings by Emma Echols, as well as poetry written her aunt, Rosemma B. Hunter. (Except for a few typescripts of Mrs. Echols’ own writings, the collection consists entirely of photocopies of original documents still owned by Mrs. Echols.)

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Arrangement note

The Emma Echols Collection is organized into a single, alphabetical folder title series.

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Administrative Information

Publication Information

J. Murrey Atkins Library Special Collections, UNC Charlotte 1997

9201 University City Blvd.
Charlotte, NC, 28223

Conditions Governing Access note

Collection is open for research.

Conditions Governing Use note

Some material may be copyrighted or restricted. It is the patron's obligation to determine and satisfy copyright or other case restrictions when publishing or otherwise distributing materials found in the collections.

Immediate Source of Acquisition note

Gift of Emma Echols, 1996.

Processing Information note

Processed by Jeff Forret, 1997.

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Related Materials

Related Archival Materials note

William L. Faulkner Papers, South Caroliniana Library, University of South Carolina.

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Controlled Access Headings

Corporate Name(s)

  • Confederate States of America. Army. South Carolina Infantry Regiment, 17th.

Family Name(s)

  • Faulkner family.

Geographic Name(s)

  • United States--History--Civil War, 1861-1865--Correspondence

Personal Name(s)

  • Echols, Emma Reid, 1903-2002
  • Faulkner, William Leonidas, 1825-1864


  • Poetry--Women authors
  • Slave records--Southern States

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Collection Inventory

Box Folder

CHURCHES 1826-30, 1850-58, undated

Scope and Contents note

includes fiscal records of Waxhaw and Shiloh (?Presbyterian?) churches in Lancaster District, S. C.

1 1

Correspondence--Civil War 1862-1864

Scope and Contents note

Photocopies of approximately 50 original Civil War letters of William Leonidas Faulkner to his wife and to his family. Recurring topics in the letters include the health of the troops, food supplies, farm management, Faulkner's slaves, religion, the status of the South in the war, and the desire for the war to end. Faulkner also wrote of the fighting at Vicksburg, Miss., and Petersburg, Va.; of Grant's drunken soldiers and the use of black troops; of the Emancipation Proclamation; and of the deflated currency in an inflationary economy. [see entry below for transcriptions]

1 2


Scope and Contents note

Includes approximately 90 of Faulkner's letters edited and transcribed in 1985 by Eloise Craig, who also identified the individuals mentioned in the letters and provided a bibliography of sources, maps, military records, and information on the Battle of the Crater, the site of Faulkner's capture.

1 3

CORRESPONDENCE--FAMILY 1840, 1858-1863, 1884, 1897, 1904, undated

Scope and Contents note

Includes letters from various members of William Leonidas Faulkner's family to each other, about such topics as education, housing, health and child mortality, and general gossip. Also includes typewritten transcription of the only extant letter of Isabella Faulkner to her husband (12-12-1863), which he evidently carried in his knapsack and which was returned to her after his death in 1864.

1 4

FINANCIAL (1845-61, 1892)

Scope and Contents note

Records of Faulkner and of his mother's family, the Gillespie’s. Includes store accounts, receipts, and estate records. Also contains records of James Faulkner and the 1892 financial statement of the Alpha Mills in Charlotte.

2 5-8
Box Folder

Financial--Faulkner, James 1848-1861

2 5

Financial--Faulkner, William Leonidas 1845-1860

2 6

Financial--Gillespie Family 1856-1861

2 7

Financial--Miscellany 1849-60, 1892

Scope and Contents note

Includes hand-drawn maps, surveying results, and legal documents transferring land titles.

2 8


Scope and Contents note

Includes hand-drawn maps, surveying results, and legal documents transferring land titles.

2 9


Scope and Contents note

Includes receipts of slave purchases and a list of slaves for sale.

2 10

WILLS 1857, 1864

Scope and Contents note

Includes the last will and testaments of William Leonidas Faulkner and Harriet Molivia Taylor, with additional material regarding the settlement of their estates.

2 11


Scope and Contents note

Includes photocopies from a Reid family Bible, family tree diagrams of the Reid and McDill families, photocopies of family photographs, obituaries, and stories that Emma Echols wrote about her ancestors.

2 12

LITERARY WORKS/REMINISCENCES circa 1855-1920s, 1954, undated

Scope and Contents note

Includes photocopies of textbooks used at Rama Elementary School (ca. 1890-ca. 1920); Emma Echols's letters about a trip to Edinburgh, Scotland, where she visited Robert Louis Stevenson's home; her reminiscences about William Henry Belk and Mrs. Morrow Graham, mother of evangelist Billy Graham; and religious stories Echols wrote for children. Also includes poems by Echols's aunt, Rosemma B. Hunter (1860-1933), an Associate Reformed Presbyterian missionary to Mexico and second wife of the Rev. James Samuel Amzi Hunter.

2 13