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John Johnston Parker Papers

Filing title: 
Parker (John Johnston) Papers

Papers of John Johnston Parker
MS0251

Summary Information

Repository
J. Murrey Atkins Library Special Collections, UNC Charlotte
Creator
Parker, John Johnston, 1885-1958
Title
John Johnston Parker papers
ID
MS0251
Date [inclusive]
1928-1957
Extent
1.0 Linear feet circa 1,800 items
Language
English
Abstract
Speeches and a few offprints of articles by a judge of the U.S. Fourth Circuit Court of Appeals and alternate judge at the Nuremberg Trial. This collection does not contain any material related to Parker's rejection as an U.S. Supreme Court nominee in 1930. [NOTE: the majority of Judge Parker's papers are on file at the Southern Historical Collection, Manuscripts Department, UNC at Chapel Hill.]

Preferred Citation note

John Johnston Parker Papers. J. Murrey Atkins Library Special Collections, University of North Carolina at Charlotte.

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Biographical/Historical note

John Johnston Parker was born in Monroe, N.C. on November 20, 1885 to John Daniel Parker, an independent grocer, and Frances Ann Johnston. Through his mother's family, Judge Parker descended from a line of early North Carolina governors and Associate Justice James Iredell of the U.S. Supreme Court (1790-99). Parker received an A.B. degree in 1907 and the L. L. B. in 1908 from the University of North Carolina in Chapel Hill. He worked as a lawyer in Monroe until 1922 when he moved to Charlotte. There he headed the firm of Parker, Stewart, McRae, and Bobbitt. President Coolidge gave Parker a recess appointment to the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Fourth Circuit on October 3, 1925 and a lifetime appointment on December 14, 1925. President Hoover appointed Judge Parker to the U.S. Supreme Court on March 21, 1930, but U.S. Senate blocked his confirmation. Following World War II, President Truman appointed Parker an alternate member for the United States for the International Military Tribunal at Nuremberg, Germany (1945-46). He presided as Chief Judge of the United States Court of Appeals Fourth Circuit until his death on March 17, 1958. Parker married Maria Burgwin Maffitt on November 23, 1910 and they had three children.

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Scope and Contents note

This collection is comprised largely of speeches given by Judge Parker. In addition to drafts of speeches, there are copies of lectures given to law students, some book reviews and correspondence, and copies of articles published in law journals. This collection does not represent his complete judicial or personal files.

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Administrative Information

Publication Information

J. Murrey Atkins Library Special Collections, UNC Charlotte 1999

9201 University City Blvd.
Charlotte, NC, 28223
704-687-1170
spec-coll@uncc.edu

Conditions Governing Access note

Collection is open for research.

Conditions Governing Use note

Some material may be copyrighted or restricted. It is the patron's obligation to determine and satisfy copyright or other case restrictions when publishing or otherwise distributing materials found in the collections.

Immediate Source of Acquisition note

Gift of Francis I. Parker, 1998.

Processing Information note

Processed by Robin Dorfer, 1999.

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Related Materials

Related Archival Materials note

Harry Golden Papers (UNC Charlotte Manuscript 20). John Johnston Parker Papers, UNC-Chapel Hill (SHC #3464). John Johnston Parker, Records of Nuremberg Trial of Major German War Criminals, UNC Chapel Hill (SHC #3466).

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Controlled Access Headings

Corporate Name(s)

  • United States. Circuit Court (4th Circuit)--Officials and employees.

Personal Name(s)

  • Parker, John Johnston, 1885-1958

Subject(s)

  • Judges--United States--20th century
  • Nuremberg Trial of Major German War Criminals, Nuremberg, Germany, 1945-1946

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Collection Inventory

Biographical/Miscellany (circa 1958, undated)


Box Folder
Mixed materials 1 1

Scope and Contents note

Includes a program from Parker's memorial service (ca. 1958). Also contains a bibliography of the John J. Parker Memorial Collection in Human Relations at the Public Library of Charlotte and Mecklenburg County

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Book Reviews (1944, 1948-1956)


Box Folder
Mixed materials 1 2

Scope and Contents note

Contains reviews written by Parker for legal and scholarly works, including one for Tyranny on Trial; The Evidence at Nuremberg by Whitney R. Harris (Dallas: Southern Methodist University Press, 1954).

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Correspondence (1932, 1937, 1951)


Box Folder
Mixed materials 1 3

Scope and Contents note

Includes a series of letters between Parker and W. M. Hendren, an attorney in Winston-Salem, N.C. In these they discuss the latter's article, "Covert Legislation and Constitutional Limitations."

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Lectures 1940


Box Folder
Mixed materials 1 4

Scope and Contents note

Contains notes, sources consulted, and newspaper clippings concerning Parker's series of the William H. White lectures before the University of Virginia Law School (April-May, 1940).

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Published Articles 1943-1954


Box Folder
Mixed materials 1 5-10

Scope and Contents note

Includes articles printed in the Harvard Law Review (vol. 56:4, January, 1943) and the New York University Law Review (vol. 25:1, January, 1950).

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Speeches 1928-1956


Box Folder
Mixed materials 1 11-60

Scope and Contents note

Includes one given on May 15, 1945 at the United Nations conference on International Organization in San Francisco, as well as research and newspapers clippings about the event (folders 52-53).

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