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Ellen Chason Papers

Filing title: 
Chason (Ellen) Papers

Inventory of the Ellen Chason papers
MS0395

Summary Information

Repository
J. Murrey Atkins Library Special Collections, UNC Charlotte
Creator
Chason, Ellen
Title
Ellen Chason papers
ID
MS0395
Date [inclusive]
1821-1863
Extent
1.0 Items Single file collection
Language
English
Abstract
The Chason Papers is a small collection that came to the UNC Charlotte Special Collections along with a much larger gift of rare books from Mrs. Ellen Chason in January of 2008. Two of the items in this collection are real estate plat surveys for property in Henry County, Georgia (dated 1821), and the third is a Confederate war bond (dated 1863).

Preferred Citation note

Ellen Chason papers. J. Murrey Atkins Library Special Collections, University of North Carolina at Charlotte.

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Biographical/Historical note

Two of the items in the Chason Collection are land grants from the 1821 land lottery. The State of Georgia held lotteries for the sale and distribution of land in 1805, 1807, 1820, 1821, 1827 and 1832 (there was also a lottery for the sale of gold mines in 1832, but this was a separate action from the other land lotteries). Prior to these lotteries, Georgia lands were distributed in 200 acre lots by means of the “head-right” system; whereby lands were granted by the state to the male heads of households. In 1803, the State of Georgia instituted a new system, designed to eliminate corruption, the new systems actually encouraged it—leading to what became known as the Yazoo Land Fraud. Some of the land lots that were distributed in 1803 and some of the subsequent lotteries granted more land that was available in Georgia. In the 1821 lottery, 401 acres of land were granted to Pricey Hatcher and Nathan W. Maddock (200.5 acres each). During the American Civil War, the Confederacy has two sources of funding for the war effort: taxation and borrowing money. The Confederate Treasury borrowed money either in the form of bond sales, or through negotiated loans with foreign countries. One of the problems with bond sales was that only the Confederacy had about $27 million in hard currency, and the demands of the war effort required hundreds of millions of dollars (about $700 million by the end of the war). Christopher G. Memminger was the first Secretary of the Confederate Treasury, and his first action was to arrange for the so-called ‘Banker’s Loan.’ This provided for the sale of abut $150 million in bonds—an action that instantly put the fledgling country deep in debt. Over the succeeding months, the government authorized several more bond sales, as well as a variety of new tax levees. However, with steadily increasing inflation, sustaining the war effort became impossible. By the end of the war the Confederacy had not only borrowed over $700 million, but was dealing with inflation of around six thousand percent.

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Scope and Contents note

The Ellen Chason Papers consists of two real estate surveys (dated 1821 and pertain to land in Georgia), and a Confederate War bond (dated March 1863); and originated with some of Mrs. Chason’s ancestors.

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Administrative Information

Publication Information

J. Murrey Atkins Library Special Collections, UNC Charlotte 2008

9201 University City Blvd.
Charlotte, NC, 28223
704-687-1170
spec-coll@uncc.edu

Conditions Governing Access note

Collection is open for research.

Conditions Governing Use note

Some material may be copyrighted or restricted. It is the patron's obligation to determine and satisfy copyright or other case restrictions when publishing or otherwise distributing materials found in the collections.

Immediate Source of Acquisition note

Gift of Mrs. Ellen Chason, February 2008.

Processing Information note

Processed by Robert A. McInnes

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Controlled Access Headings

Geographic Name(s)

  • Confederate States of America--Appropriations and expenditures

Personal Name(s)

  • Chason, Ellen

Subject(s)

  • Bonds--Confederate States of America
  • Land tenures--Georgia

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Collection Inventory

Folder item

Real estate survey, Smith’s district 1821 Oct 30

Scope and Contents note

Plat and description for 200 ½ acres for Smith’s district, Jefferson County, situated in the ninth district in Henry County, Georgia; of land “lately acquired of the Creek Nation of Indians.” The land in question was granted to Prisey Hatcher; with wax seal of the state attached. Both leaves torn. [2 leaves]

1 1

Real estate survey, Wilson’s district 1821 Oct 30

Scope and Contents note

Plat and description for 200 ½ acres for Wilson’s district, situated in the ninth district in Henry County, Georgia of land “lately acquired of the Creek Nation of Indians.” The land in question was granted to Nathan W. Maddock; with wax seal of the state, part of which is attached and part of which is separated but present. Both leaves torn. [2 leaves.]

1 2

Confederate States of America, bond. 1863 Feb 20

Scope and Contents note

Eight unclipped notes dating from January 1, 1865 to July 1, 1868.

1 3